DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more



Caspofungin Acetate in Treating Aspergillosis in Patients With Hematologic Cancer or in Patients Who Have Undergone a Stem Cell Transplant

Information source: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Cancer

Intervention: caspofungin acetate (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Claudio Viscoli, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: National Institute for Cancer Research, Italy

Summary

RATIONALE: Antifungals, such as caspofungin acetate, may be effective in treating fungal infections caused by chemotherapy or stem cell transplant. PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well caspofungin acetate works as first-line treatment for aspergillosis in patients with hematologic cancer or in patients who have undergone a stem cell transplant.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Multicenter, Open, Phase II Study to Estimate the Activity and Safety of Caspofungin (CASP) in the First-Line Treatment of Probable and Proven Invasive Aspergillosis (IA) in Patients With Hematological Malignancies (HM) or Recipients of Autologous Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation and Those With Allogeneic Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT)

Study design: Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Primary outcome: Response rate as assessed by standard criteria after completion of study treatment

Secondary outcome:

Response rate as assessed by standard and alternative criteria at 84 days and after completion of study treatment

Survival rate at 84 days

Safety

Detailed description: OBJECTIVES: Primary

- Determine the activity of caspofungin acetate as first-line therapy for proven or

probable invasive aspergillosis, in terms of response rate, in patients with hematologic malignancies or in patients who have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Secondary

- Determine the 84-day response rate in patients treated with this drug.

- Determine the 84-day survival rate in patients treated with this drug.

- Determine the safety of this drug, in terms of the rate of overall drug-related adverse

events, the rate of overall drug-related serious adverse events, and the rate of drug-related adverse events leading to treatment discontinuation, in these patients. OUTLINE: This is an open-label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease and/or type of prior hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) (hematologic malignancy or autologous HSCT vs allogeneic HSCT). Patients receive caspofungin acetate IV over approximately 1 hour once daily on days 1-15 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) after day 15 may continue to receive caspofungin acetate as above until day 84 OR discontinue study treatment after day 15 and shift to an oral antifungal drug for maintenance therapy or prophylaxis, if considered to be in the best interest of the patient. Patients achieving stable disease after day 15 continue to receive caspofungin acetate as above until day 28. These patients then undergo a second evaluation. Patients who maintain stable disease continue to receive caspofungin acetate as above until day 84. Patients achieving CR or PR are treated as per CR or PR treatment described above. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed weekly for 30 days. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 149 patients (87 in stratum 1, 62 in stratum 2) will be accrued for this study within 18 months.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Diagnosis of proven or probable invasive aspergillosis (IA)

- Patients with a diagnosis of possible IA are eligible provided they are upgraded

to probable or proven IA by culture and/or histology results and Aspergillus galactomannan evaluation within 7 days after study entry

- Meets any of the following criteria:

- Diagnosis of a hematologic malignancy

- Underwent autologous or allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age

- 18 and over

Performance status

- Karnofsky 20-100%

Life expectancy

- Not specified

Hematopoietic

- Not specified

Hepatic

- AST and ALT ≤ 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Bilirubin ≤ 5 times ULN

- Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 5 times ULN

- No severe hepatic insufficiency

- Child-Pugh score ≤ 9

Renal

- No severe renal failure requiring hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis

- Creatinine < 3. 4 mg/dL

Other

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Negative pregnancy test

- Fertile patients must use effective double-method contraception

- No known HIV positivity

- No history of allergy or adverse reaction to echinocandin drugs

- No known bacterial infection that is not adequately treated

- No psychological, familial, social, or geographical condition that would preclude

study participation or compliance PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy

- See Disease Characteristics

Chemotherapy

- Not specified

Endocrine therapy

- Not specified

Radiotherapy

- Not specified

Surgery

- Not specified

Other

- Prior empirical antifungal therapy allowed provided treatment duration was ≤ 72 hours

- Prior prophylactic oral antifungals allowed

- Prior prophylactic IV fluconazole allowed

- More than 14 days since prior and no concurrent investigational agents

- No prior participation in this study

- No prior echinocandins

- No other concurrent antifungal therapy

Locations and Contacts

CHU Liege - Domaine Universitaire du Sart Tilman, Liege B-4000, Belgium

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Henri Mondor, Creteil 94010, France

Hopital Edouard Herriot - Lyon, Lyon 69437, France

Hopital Saint-Louis, Paris 75475, France

Hopital Universitaire Hautepierre, Strasbourg 67098, France

Medizinische Poliklinik, Universitaet Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg D-97070, Germany

Ospedale Santa Croce, Cuneo 12100, Italy

Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Genoa 16132, Italy

Ospedale San Martino, Genoa 16132, Italy

Policlinico A. Gemelli - Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome 00168, Italy

National Cancer Institute - Bratislava, Bratislava 833 10, Slovakia

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne CH-1011, Switzerland

Hacettepe University - Faculty of Medicine, Ankara 06100, Turkey

Additional Information

Clinical trial summary from the National Cancer Institute's PDQ® database

Starting date: February 2005
Last updated: September 20, 2012

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017