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Characterizing the Incretin Effect of Amino Acids and Defining GLP-1 Role on Skeletal Muscle

Information source: University of Nottingham
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Sarcopenia

Intervention: GLP-1 (Drug); Insulin Actrapid (Drug); Oral amino acids (Dietary Supplement); GIP (Drug); Intravenous amino acids (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: University of Nottingham

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Philip Atherton, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Nottingham
Iskandar Idris, DM, FRCP, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Nottingham

Overall contact:
Haitham Abdulla, MBBS, MRCP, Phone: 00441332724685, Email: mzxha1@nottingham.ac.uk


This study has two protocols the aims of which are: 1. To identify age-related effects of AA on incretin secretion and whether and to what extent AA exhibit a true incretin effect (gut- mediated increases in plasma insulin) in younger individuals. (Protocol 1) 2. To define the extra-pancreatic ''novel'', insulin independent effects of glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) on postprandial muscle protein and glucose metabolism and microvascular blood flow. (Protocol 2)

Clinical Details

Official title: Characterizing the Incretin Effect of Amino Acids (AA) and Defining the Effect of GLP-1 on Muscle Microvascular Blood Flow and Muscle Protein and Glucose Metabolism in Older Age.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome: Muscle protein and glucose metabolism

Secondary outcome:

Leg Microvascular blood flow

Leg Macrovascular blood flow

Insulin secretion in response to oral and intravenous amino acids to assess their ability to exert incretin effect.

Gut hormones secretion in response to amino acids in young and older people

Detailed description: Protocol 1: This will explore the first aim. 8 Healthy younger volunteers will be recruited to under go 3 arms cross over studies. Interventions will include oral and intravenous amino acids, in addition to intravenous GLP-1 and glucose dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP). 8 older subjects also will be recruited for comparison of the response of GI hormones to amino acids oral feed between young and older men. Therefore the total number will be recruited to perform this protocol is 16. Post intervention in all visits, measurements will be taken for: Insulin, Amino acids, GLP-1, GIP, Ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY). The measurable end points for this protocol are: 1. Gut hormones levels in response to the 2 methods of AA delivery (I. V and oral) 2. Differences in gut hormones levels between young and older subjects when AA's are delivered orally Protocol 2: This will explore the second aim. 16 healthy older subjects will be recruited and subdivided randomly into two groups to receive either post absorptive or postprandial insulin concentrations with or without GLP-1 at physiological ranges in a cross over fashion . During acute study parameters of muscle glucose and amino acids metabolism will be tested together with muscle microvascular recruitment and macro vascular flow in the tested leg. The measurable end points for this protocol are: 1. Muscle Glucose uptake, assessed by measuring 2-deoxyglucose (2-DOG) phosphate in muscle biopsies 2. Myofibrillar protein synthesis, assessed via muscle biopsy fractional synthesis rate (FSR) 3. Whole Leg Muscle Protein Synthesis, assessed via Arterial-Venous difference (AV method) 4. Whole Leg Muscle Protein Breakdown, assessed via AV method 5. Whole Leg Net Protein Balance, assessed via AV method 6. Muscle microvascular recruitment, assessed via microvascular contrast bubbles filling and refilling post destruction by ultrasound waves.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 75 Years. Gender(s): Male.


Inclusion Criteria:

- For protocol 1: i. Aged between 18-40 or 65-75 years ii. A body mass index (BMI) >18 and

<28 kg/m2

- For Protocol 2: i. Age 65-75 years ii. A body mass index (BMI) >18 and <28 kg/m2

Exclusion Criteria:

- For protocol 1:

i. A BMI < 18 or > 28 kg·m2 ii. Active cardiovascular disease: uncontrolled hypertension (BP > 160/100), angina, heart failure (class III/IV), arrhythmia, right to left cardiac shunt or recent cardiac event iii. Cerebrovascular disease: previous stroke, aneurysm (large vessel or intracranial) iv. Respiratory disease including pulmonary hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma or an forced expiratory volume in 1 minute (FEV1) less than 1. 5 litre. v. Metabolic disease: hyper and hypo-parathyroidism, untreated hyper and hypothyroidism, Cushing's disease, types 1 or 2 diabetes vi. Active inflammatory bowel or renal disease vii. Malignancy viii. Recent steroid treatment (within 6 month), or hormone replacement therapy ix. Clotting dysfunction x. Musculoskeletal or neurological disorders xi. Family history of early (<55y) death from cardiovascular disease

- For protocol 2:

Same as protocol 1 in addition to: i. Overt muscle wasting i. e. muscle mass is more than 1 standard deviation below normal muscle or fat-free mass for age. ii. Taking beta-adrenergic blocking agents or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs iii. Known sensitivity to SONOVUE or any other drug used in the study. iv. Subject deemed unsuitable for femoral cannulation at screening visit.

Locations and Contacts

Haitham Abdulla, MBBS, MRCP, Phone: 00441332724685, Email: mzxha1@nottingham.ac.uk

Division of Medical Sciences and Graduate Entry Medicine - School of Medicine - University of Nottingham, Derby DE22 3DT, United Kingdom; Recruiting
Haitham Abdulla, MBBS, MRCP, Phone: 00441332724685, Email: mzxha1@nottingham.ac.uk
Additional Information

Related publications:

Nilsson M, Holst JJ, Björck IM. Metabolic effects of amino acid mixtures and whey protein in healthy subjects: studies using glucose-equivalent drinks. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Apr;85(4):996-1004.

Hall WL, Millward DJ, Long SJ, Morgan LM. Casein and whey exert different effects on plasma amino acid profiles, gastrointestinal hormone secretion and appetite. Br J Nutr. 2003 Feb;89(2):239-48.

Wilkes EA, Selby AL, Atherton PJ, Patel R, Rankin D, Smith K, Rennie MJ. Blunting of insulin inhibition of proteolysis in legs of older subjects may contribute to age-related sarcopenia. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Nov;90(5):1343-50. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.2009.27543. Epub 2009 Sep 9.

Sjøberg KA, Holst JJ, Rattigan S, Richter EA, Kiens B. GLP-1 increases microvascular recruitment but not glucose uptake in human and rat skeletal muscle. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Feb 15;306(4):E355-62. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00283.2013. Epub 2013 Dec 3.

Chai W, Dong Z, Wang N, Wang W, Tao L, Cao W, Liu Z. Glucagon-like peptide 1 recruits microvasculature and increases glucose use in muscle via a nitric oxide-dependent mechanism. Diabetes. 2012 Apr;61(4):888-96. doi: 10.2337/db11-1073. Epub 2012 Feb 22.

Starting date: November 2014
Last updated: February 18, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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