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3-AP and Fludarabine in Treating Patients With Myeloproliferative Disorders, Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia, or Accelerated Phase or Blastic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

Information source: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Accelerated Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Atypical Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, BCR-ABL1 Negative; Blastic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Chronic Eosinophilic Leukemia; Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia; Essential Thrombocythemia; Philadelphia Chromosome Negative Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Polycythemia Vera; Primary Myelofibrosis; Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

Intervention: fludarabine phosphate (Drug); triapine (Drug); laboratory biomarker analysis (Procedure)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Judith Karp, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Johns Hopkins University/Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center


This phase II trial is studying how well giving 3-AP together with fludarabine works in treating patients with myeloproliferative disorders (MPD), chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), or accelerated phase or blastic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as 3-AP and fludarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. 3-AP may help fludarabine work better by making cancer cells more sensitive to the drug. 3-AP and fludarabine may also stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving 3-AP together with fludarabine may kill more cancer cells.

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase II Trial of Triapine (NSC #663249, 3-Aminopyridine-2-Carboxaldehyde Thiosemicarbone) Plus Fludarabine (NSC #312887, Fludarabine Monophosphate) in Adults With Aggressive Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPDs) Including Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML) and Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia in Accelerated Phase (CML-AP) or Blast Crisis (CML-BC)

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Response Rate Including Complete Response, Partial Response, and Hematological Improvement Assessed by Blood Cell Counts, Number of Blasts in Bone Marrow, and Clinical Evaluation

Incidence of Grade 3 or 4 Drug-related Non-hematologic Toxicity as Assessed by NCI CTCAE v3.0

Detailed description: OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the efficacy of 3-AP (Triapine®) followed by fludarabine phosphate in patients with myeloproliferative disorders or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia in aggressive phase or transformation or chronic myelogenous leukemia in accelerated phase or blast crisis. II. Determine the toxicity of this regimen in these patients. III. Determine, preliminarily, the effect of this regimen on circulating leukemic cell genetics in these patients. Outline: This is an open-label study. Patients receive 3-AP (Triapine®) IV over 4 hours followed by fludarabine phosphate IV over 30 minutes on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo bone marrow and/or peripheral blood collection at baseline and periodically during study treatment for molecular analysis of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) mutations, GATA-1 mutations, and expression of the death-inducer-obliterator (Dido) genes on chromosome 20q. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.



- Not pregnant or nursing

- Histopathologically confirmed diagnosis of 1 of the following:

- Myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs) in aggressive phase or transformation

- CML in accelerated phase or blast crisis

- Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia in aggressive phase (5-19% bone marrow blasts)

or transformation (> 20% bone marrow blasts)

- Myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs) in aggressive phase or transformation, including

the following:

- Polycythemia vera (PV)

- Essential thrombocythemia (ET)

- Myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia

- Hypereosinophilic syndrome

- Atypical (Philadelphia chromosome negative) chronic myelogenous leukemia (Ph-


- Patients with aggressive phase MPD (PV, ET, or Ph- CML) must meet ≥ 1 of the

following criteria:

- Marrow blasts > 5%

- Peripheral blood blasts plus progranulocytes > 10%

- New onset or increasing myelofibrosis

- New onset or > 25% increase in hepatomegaly or splenomegaly

- New onset constitutional symptoms (fever, weight loss, splenic pain, bone pain)

- Multilineage bone marrow failure

- Ineligible for established curative regimens, including stem cell transplantation

- ECOG performance status 0-2

- Negative pregnancy test

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception

- No chronic toxicity from prior chemotherapy > grade 1

- No history of severe coronary artery disease

- Creatinine normal OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min

- AST and ALT =< 2. 5 times normal

- Bilirubin =< 2. 0 mg/dL unless due to leukemia, Gilbert's syndrome, or hemolysis

- No arrhythmias (other than atrial flutter or fibrillation) requiring medication

- No uncontrolled congestive heart failure

- No dyspnea at rest or with minimal exertion

- No severe pulmonary disease requiring supplemental oxygen

- No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or

biological composition to 3-AP (Triapine®) and/or fludarabine phosphate

- No other life-threatening illness

- No history of mental deficits and/or psychiatric illness that would preclude study


- No more than 4 prior induction regimens (3 cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens)

- At least 3 weeks since prior myelosuppressive cytotoxic agents (6 weeks for mitomycin

C or nitrosoureas) and recovered

- At least 1 week since prior nonmyelosuppressive treatment

- At least 48 hours since prior noncytotoxic agents for peripheral blood leukemic cell

count control, including but not limited to the following:

- Hydroxyurea

- Imatinib mesylate

- Interferon

- Mercaptopurine

- Cyclophosphamide

- At least 2 weeks since prior and no concurrent radiotherapy to treat cancer

- At least 1 week since prior biologic therapy, including hematopoietic growth factors

(e. g., epoetin alfa, darbepoetin alfa, filgrastim [G-CSF], sargramostim [GM-CSF], interleukin-3, or interleukin-11)

- No other concurrent chemotherapy to treat cancer

- No concurrent immunotherapy to treat cancer

- No known glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase [G6PD) deficiency (G6PD screening required

for high-risk groups (i. e., patients of African, Asian, or Mediterranean origin/ancestry)]

- No active heart disease

- No concurrent myeloid growth factors

- No active uncontrolled infection (Infections under active treatment and controlled

with antibiotics are allowed)

- No chronic hepatitis

Locations and Contacts

Johns Hopkins University/Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: August 2006
Last updated: December 16, 2014

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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