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Intravitreal Triamcinolone Acetonide Versus Intravitreal Bevacizumab for Refractory Diabetic Macular Edema (IBEME Study)

Information source: University of Sao Paulo
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Diabetic Macular Edema

Intervention: Intravitreal Injection of 1,5 mg of bevacizumab (Procedure); Intravitreal injection of 4 mg of Triamcinolone acetonide (Procedure)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: University of Sao Paulo

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Rodrigo Jorge, MD, PhD, Study Chair, Affiliation: HCFMRP-USP
Rogério A Costa, MD, PhD, Study Director, Affiliation: Retina Diagnostic and Treatment Division, Hospital de Olhos de Araraquara, Araraquara
Rodrigo Jorge, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: HCFMRP-USP


Intravitreal triamcinolone has been effective for central macular thickness reduction and concomitant visual acuity improvement in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME). VEGF is a very effective inducer of permeability, being 50. 000 times more potent than histamine, and may exert its effect on retinal vascular permeability by altering tight-junctions proteins, such as occluding and VE-cadherin. Based on these principles, there is a rationale for anti-VEGF agents treatment of increased retinal capillary permeability conditions, such as diabetic macular edema. Therefore, we conducted a randomized, prospective study to compare the efficacy and safety of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide and intravitreal bevacizumab injection for refractory diffuse DME.

Clinical Details

Official title: Intravitreal Bevacizumab Versus Intravitreal Triamcinolone Acetonide for Refractory Diabetic Macular Edema

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Central Macular Thickness, Best Corrected Visual Acuity

Secondary outcome: Intraocular pressure; lens status


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Refractory diffuse DME (defined herein as clinically significant DME [by

biomicroscopic evaluation] unresponsive to focal laser photocoagulation [performed at least 3 months before evaluation] and generalized breakdown of the inner blood-retina barrier with diffuse fluorescein leakage involving the foveal center and most of the macular area on fluorescein angiography),

- Snellen logarithm of minimum angle of resolution (LogMAR) BCVA equivalent of 20/40 or

worse, and 3) central macular thickness (CMT) greater than 300µm on optical coherence tomography (OCT) Exclusion Criteria:

- Aphakic or pseudophakic eyes,

- Glycosylated hemoglobin (Hb A1C) rate above 10%,

- History of glaucoma or ocular hypertension,

- Loss of vision as a result of other causes,

- Systemic corticoid therapy,.

- History of thromboembolic event (including myocardial infarction or cerebral vascular


- Major surgery within the prior 6 months or planned within the next 28 days;

- Uncontrolled hypertension (according to guidelines of the seventh report of the joint

National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure [JNC-7]);16

- Known coagulation abnormalities or current use of anticoagulative medication other

than aspirin;

- Severe systemic disease; or

- Any condition affecting follow-up or documentation

Locations and Contacts

Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo 14049-900, Brazil
Additional Information

Related publications:

Arevalo JF, Fromow-Guerra J, Quiroz-Mercado H, Sanchez JG, Wu L, Maia M, Berrocal MH, Solis-Vivanco A, Farah ME; Pan-American Collaborative Retina Study Group. Primary intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) for diabetic macular edema: results from the Pan-American Collaborative Retina Study Group at 6-month follow-up. Ophthalmology. 2007 Apr;114(4):743-50.

Bonini-Filho MA, Jorge R, Barbosa JC, Calucci D, Cardillo JA, Costa RA. Intravitreal injection versus sub-Tenon's infusion of triamcinolone acetonide for refractory diabetic macular edema: a randomized clinical trial. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Oct;46(10):3845-9.

Costa RA, Jorge R, Calucci D, Melo LA Jr, Cardillo JA, Scott IU. Intravitreal bevacizumab (avastin) for central and hemicentral retinal vein occlusions: IBeVO study. Retina. 2007 Feb;27(2):141-9.

Jorge R, Costa RA, Calucci D, Cintra LP, Scott IU. Intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) for persistent new vessels in diabetic retinopathy (IBEPE study). Retina. 2006 Nov-Dec;26(9):1006-13.

Costa RA, Jorge R, Calucci D, Cardillo JA, Melo LA Jr, Scott IU. Intravitreal bevacizumab for choroidal neovascularization caused by AMD (IBeNA Study): results of a phase 1 dose-escalation study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Oct;47(10):4569-78.

Audren F, Lecleire-Collet A, Erginay A, Haouchine B, Benosman R, Bergmann JF, Gaudric A, Massin P. Intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide for diffuse diabetic macular edema: phase 2 trial comparing 4 mg vs 2 mg. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Nov;142(5):794-99. Epub 2006 Sep 15.

Chun DW, Heier JS, Topping TM, Duker JS, Bankert JM. A pilot study of multiple intravitreal injections of ranibizumab in patients with center-involving clinically significant diabetic macular edema. Ophthalmology. 2006 Oct;113(10):1706-12.

Cunningham ET Jr, Adamis AP, Altaweel M, Aiello LP, Bressler NM, D'Amico DJ, Goldbaum M, Guyer DR, Katz B, Patel M, Schwartz SD; Macugen Diabetic Retinopathy Study Group. A phase II randomized double-masked trial of pegaptanib, an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor aptamer, for diabetic macular edema. Ophthalmology. 2005 Oct;112(10):1747-57.

Haritoglou C, Kook D, Neubauer A, Wolf A, Priglinger S, Strauss R, Gandorfer A, Ulbig M, Kampik A. Intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) therapy for persistent diffuse diabetic macular edema. Retina. 2006 Nov-Dec;26(9):999-1005.

Starting date: April 2006
Last updated: May 1, 2007

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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