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Alemtuzumab, Fludarabine Phosphate, and Total-Body Irradiation Followed by Cyclosporine and Mycophenolate Mofetil in Treating Patients Who Are Undergoing Donor Stem Cell Transplant for Hematologic Cancer

Information source: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Acute Undifferentiated Leukemia; Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission; Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Atypical Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, BCR-ABL1 Negative; Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission; Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission; Childhood Burkitt Lymphoma; Childhood Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Childhood Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Childhood Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Childhood Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Childhood Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia; Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia; Mast Cell Leukemia; Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Unclassifiable; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma; Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Refractory Multiple Myeloma; Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

Intervention: alemtuzumab (Biological); total-body irradiation (Radiation); fludarabine phosphate (Drug); cyclosporine (Drug); mycophenolate mofetil (Drug); allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Procedure); peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (Procedure); graft versus host disease prophylaxis/therapy (Biological); laboratory biomarker analysis (Other)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Brenda Sandmaier, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium


This phase II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of alemtuzumab when given together with fludarabine phosphate and total-body irradiation followed by cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil in treating patients who are undergoing a donor stem cell transplant for hematologic cancer. Giving low doses of chemotherapy, such as fludarabine phosphate, a monoclonal antibody, such as alemtuzumab, and radiation therapy before a donor stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells. Giving chemotherapy or radiation therapy before or after transplant also stops the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's bone marrow stem cells. The donated stem cells may replace the patient's immune cells and help destroy any remaining cancer cells (graft-versus-tumor effect). Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can also make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil after the transplant may stop this from happening.

Clinical Details

Official title: Campath (Alemtuzumab) Dose Escalation, Low-Dose TBI and Fludarabine Followed by HLA Class II Mismatched Donor Stem Cell Transplantation for Patients With Hematologic Malignancies: A Multicenter Trial

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Dose of alemtuzumab that allows an incidence of grade III-IV acute GVHD less than 40%

Secondary outcome:

Graft rejection

Number of days of steroids greater than 1 mg/kg required in each patient

Non-relapse mortality


Immune reconstitution

Disease progression/relapse

Detailed description: PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine which dose of Campath (alemtuzumab) allows related and unrelated human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class-II mismatched hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) with an incidence of grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) less than 40%. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. Incidence of graft rejection. II. Number of days of steroids >= 1mg/kg required before day 100 in each patient. III. Incidence of non-relapse mortality. IV. Risk/incidence of infections. V. Immune reconstitution. VI. Risk for disease progression and relapse. OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of alemtuzumab. NONMYELOABLATIVE CONDITIONING REGIMEN: Patients receive alemtuzumab intravenously (IV) over

6 hours once daily on days - 6, -5, and -4 OR days -5 and -4 and fludarabine phosphate IV

over 30 minutes on days - 4, -3, and -2. Patients also undergo low-dose total-body

irradiation (TBI) on day 0. ALLOGENEIC PERIPHERAL BLOOD STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION (PBSCT): After completion of TBI, patients undergo allogeneic PBSCT on day 0.

IMMUNOSUPPRESSION: Patients receive cyclosporine orally (PO) or IV every 12 hours on days - 3

to 180 followed by a taper until day 365 in the absence of GVHD. Beginning 4-6 hours after completion of allogeneic PBSCT, patients receive mycophenolate mofetil PO every 8 hours on days 0 to 100 followed by a taper until day 156 in the absence of GVHD. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically for 12 months, at 18 months, and then annually for 5 years.


Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: 74 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- The patient must be not eligible for conventional transplants and must have disease

expected to be stable for at least 100 days without chemotherapy

- Patients with hematologic malignancies treatable with HCT will be included:

- Aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) and other histologies such as diffuse

large B-cell NHL: not eligible for autologous HCT, not eligible for conventional myeloablative HCT, or after failed autologous HCT;

- Low grade NHL: with < 6 month duration of complete response (CR) between courses

of conventional therapy;

- Mantle cell NHL: may be treated in first CR;

- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL): must have failed 2 lines of conventional

therapy and must be refractory to fludarabine; this includes patients who fail to have a complete or partial response after therapy with a regimen containing fludarabine (or another nucleoside analog] or experience disease relapse within 12 months after completing therapy with a regimen containing fludarabine [or another nucleoside analog);

- Hodgkin's disease (HD): must have received and failed frontline therapy and have

failed or were not eligible for autologous transplant;

- Multiple myeloma (MM): must have received prior chemotherapy or failed

autografting; following a planned autologous transplant [tandem] is allowed;

- Acute myeloid leukemia (AML): must have < 5% marrow blasts at the time of


- Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL): must have < 5% marrow blasts at the time of


- Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML): patients will be accepted beyond first

clinical progression (CP1) if they have received previous myelosuppressive chemotherapy or HCT, and have < 5% marrow blasts at time of transplant;

- Myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative disease (MDS/MPD): must have failed

previous myelosuppressive chemotherapy or HCT, and have < 5% marrow blasts at time of transplant;

- Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia: must have failed 2 courses of therapy

- Patient refuses to be treated on a conventional transplant protocol; for this

inclusion criteria, transplants must be approved by both the participating institution's patient review committee, such as the Patient Care Conference (PCC) at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), and the FHCRC principal investigator

- Patient with related or unrelated donors for whom:

- There is a likelihood of disease progression while HLA typing and results of a

preliminary search and the donor pool suggest that a 10/10 HLA-A, B, C, DRB1 and DQB1 matched unrelated donor will not be found;

- Patient and donor must be matched for at least one DRB1 allele and one DQB1


- Best available matches are HLA class I HLA-A, -B, -C allele matched donors

allowing for any one or two DRB1 and/or DQB1 antigen/allele mismatch;

- There is no indication for an autologous transplantation as a treatment option

- DONOR: For HLA matching inclusion criteria, see patient inclusion criteria

- DONOR: Only peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) will be permitted as a HSC source on

this protocol Exclusion Criteria:

- Positive crossmatch between donor and recipients

- Patient's life expectancy is severely limited by diseases other than malignancy

- Patient has central nervous system (CNS) involvement with disease refractory to

intrathecal chemotherapy

- Presence of circulating leukemic blasts (in the peripheral blood) detected by

standard pathology for patients with AML, ALL or CML

- Patient is a fertile man or woman unwilling to use contraceptives during and for up

to 12 months post treatment

- Patient is a female who is pregnant or breastfeeding

- Patient is human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive

- Patients with active non-hematologic malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers)

- Patients with a history of non-hematologic malignancies (except non-melanoma skin

cancers) currently in a complete remission, who are less than 5 years from the time of complete remission, and have a > 20% risk of disease recurrence

- Patient has a fungal infection with radiological progression after receipt of

amphotericin B or active triazole for greater than 1 month

- Patient has the following organ dysfunction:

- Symptomatic coronary artery disease or ejection fraction < 35% or other cardiac

failure requiring therapy; ejection fraction is required if age > 50 years or if the patient has a history of anthracyclines or history of cardiac disease;

- Diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) < 35% total lung

capacity (TLC) < 35%, forced expiratory volume of the lung in one second (FEV1) < 35% and/or receiving supplementary continuous oxygen; the FHCRC study principal investigator (PI) must approve enrollment of all patients with pulmonary nodules;

- Liver function abnormalities: patient with clinical or laboratory evidence of

liver disease will be evaluated for the cause of liver disease, its clinical severity in terms of liver function, bridging fibrosis, and the degree of portal hypertension; the patient will be excluded if he/she is found to have fulminant liver failure, cirrhosis of the liver with evidence of portal hypertension, alcoholic hepatitis, esophageal varices, a history of bleeding esophageal varices, hepatic encephalopathy, uncorrectable hepatic synthetic dysfunction evinced by prolongation of the prothrombin time, ascites related to portal hypertension, bacterial or fungal liver abscess, biliary obstruction, chronic viral hepatitis with total serum bilirubin > 3mg/dL, or symptomatic biliary disease

- Patient has poorly controlled hypertension and on multiple antihypertensives

- Karnofsky performance score < 70 for adult patients

- Lansky play-performance score < 70 for pediatric patients

- Patient received cytotoxic agents for "cytoreduction" within three weeks (or the

interval in which a cycle of standard chemotherapy would be administered in a non-transplant setting) prior to initiating the nonmyeloablative transplant conditioning; (exceptions are hydroxyurea and imatinib mesylate)

- DONOR: Marrow donors

- DONOR: Positive crossmatch between donor and recipient

- DONOR: Donor is HIV-positive and/or has a medical condition that would result in

increased risk for filgrastim (G-CSF) mobilization and harvest of PBSC

- DONOR: Donor age < 12 years

Locations and Contacts

University of Torino, Torino 10126, Italy

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium, Seattle, Washington 98109, United States

Additional Information

Starting date: March 2005
Last updated: June 15, 2015

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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