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Phase 2 Trial of Carfilzomib for Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer Following Treatment

Information source: University of Alabama at Birmingham
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer

Intervention: Carfilzomib (Drug); Dexamethasone (Drug); Acyclovir (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: University of Alabama at Birmingham

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Guru Sonpavde, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Alabama at Birmingham
Mansoor Saleh, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: Georgia Cancer Specialists

Overall contact:
Pam Dixon, RN, BSN, OCN, Phone: 205-975-9875, Email: Pamdixon@uab.edu


This study will test how effective the drug, Carfilzomib, reduces progression of prostate cancer in patients who have previously received chemotherapy and androgen inhibitors. Carfilzomib is approved for multiple myeloma but is not approved for prostate cancer. Therefore, it is considered investigational. Other approved methods of treatment for metastatic prostate cancer have demonstrated only modest benefits. Novel and tolerable agents are necessary to make further gains and extend overall survival.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase 2 Trial of Carfilzomib for Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer Following Chemotherapy and Androgen Pathway Inhibitors

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Progression-free survival (PFS)

Secondary outcome:

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) changes

Circulating Tumor Cell (CTC) enumeration

Baseline whole blood 20S proteasome level

Measurable disease response rate

Pain response

Overall survival

Assessment of toxicities

Detailed description: First-line chemotherapy for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) combined with androgen inhibitors modestly extends overall survival. Carfilzomib is anticipated to enhance progression-free survival (PFS) as well as reduce pain and toxicities. Proteasome inhibitors are promising agents used in the therapy of prostate cancer. Carfilzomib is a more potent and irreversible proteasome inhibitor than the frequently used proteasome inhibitor, Bortezomib. In Phase I trials Carfilzomib demonstrated substantial antitumor activity while exhibiting tolerable side effects. Carfilzomib has been approved by the FDA for patients with multiple myeloma. The drug, however, is not approved for the use with CRPC patients. This trial will evaluate the tolerance and effectiveness of Carfilzomib in men with metastatic progressive CRPC following chemotherapy and androgen inhibitors.


Minimum age: 19 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Male.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Histologically proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate

- Metastatic disease

- Progressive disease (PSA, radiologic, symptomatic) following abiraterone acetate

and/or Enzalutamide (prior sipuleucel-T and chemotherapy are allowed); PSA progression is defined as baseline increase followed by any PSA increase ≥1 week apart.

- Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure

not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care.

- Patients, even if surgically sterilized (i. e., status post-vasectomy) must agree to

one of the following: practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through a minimum of 30 days after the last dose of study drug, or completely abstain from heterosexual intercourse if female partner of childbearing age.

- An elevated PSA level of >2ng/mL for patients progressing by PSA criteria is required

(last confirmatory sample must be >2ng/mL)

- Currently on androgen ablation hormone therapy (an LHRH agonist/antagonist or

orchiectomy) with testosterone level <50ng/dL)

- Has an ECOG Performance status of 0 - 2

- LVEF ≥40% on 2-D transthoracic echocardiogram (ECHO); Multi-gated Acquisition Scan

(MUGA) is acceptable if ECHO is not available.

- ≥19 years of age

- Resolution of all acute toxic effects of prior chemotherapy or surgical procedures to

NCI CTCAE Version 4. 03 Grade <1, in the opinion of the treating physician.

- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patient has a platelet count of <100,000/mm3, or absolute neutrophil count of

<1500/mm3 or Hemoglobin <8. 0gm/dL

- Patient has a calculated or measured creatinine clearance of <30mL/minute

- Patient has total bilirubin >2 x ULN (upper limit of normal), or AST, ALT >3. 5 x ULN

- Patient has ≥ Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy within 14 days before enrollment

- Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has NYHA Class III or IV

heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. Before study entry, any ECG abnormality at screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant.

- Participation in clinical trials with other investigational agents not included in

this trial, within 14 days of the start of this trial and throughout the duration of this trial.

- Serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this

clinical study.

- Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 3 years of enrollment, with the

exception of: a) adequately treated basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell skin cancer, or thyroid cancer; b) carcinoma in situ of the breast; c) cancer considered cured by surgical resection or unlikely to impact survival during the duration of the study, such as localized transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder or benign tumors of the adrenal or pancreas.

- Known HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C infection

- Uncontrolled hypertension or uncontrolled diabetes within 14 days prior to


- Prior treatment with bortezomib

- Known history of allergy to Captisol® (a cyclodextrin derivative used to solubilize


- Has received prior radiation to >50% of the bone marrow

- Has had significant bleeding/thrombosis in previous 4 weeks

- Has received treatment with radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, or an

investigational agent within 4 weeks prior to registration, (6 weeks for radiation therapy, radionuclides, nitrosoureas, or Mitomycin C) or who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier

- Has evidence of uncontrolled CNS involvement (previous radiation and off steroids is


- Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents

- Has a serious uncontrolled intercurrent medical or psychiatric illness, including

serious infection

- Is unable to comply with study requirements

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active

infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

Locations and Contacts

Pam Dixon, RN, BSN, OCN, Phone: 205-975-9875, Email: Pamdixon@uab.edu

University of Alabama at Birmingham, Bimingham, Alabama 35294, United States; Recruiting
Pam Dixon, RN, BSN, OCN, Phone: 205-975-9875, Email: pamdixon@uab.edu
Guru Sonpavde, MD, Principal Investigator

Georgia Cancer Specialist, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, United States; Recruiting
Mansoor Saleh, MD, Phone: 404-256-4777, Email: mansoor.saleh@gacancer.com
Pam Dixon, RN, BSN, OCN, Phone: 205-975-5387, Email: pamdixon@uab.edu
Mansoor Saleh, MD, Sub-Investigator

Cancer Life Center, Navicent Health, Macon, Georgia 31210, United States; Recruiting
Andrew Weatherall, Phone: 478-633-2152, Email: weatherall.andrew@navicenthealth.org

University of Tulane, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118, United States; Recruiting
Patrick Cotogno, Phone: 504-988-6542, Email: pcotogno@tulane.edu

Additional Information

Starting date: April 2014
Last updated: August 4, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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