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Aldesleukin With or Without Ziv-Aflibercept in Treating Patients With Stage III-IV Melanoma That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

Information source: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Recurrent Melanoma; Stage IIIA Skin Melanoma; Stage IIIB Skin Melanoma; Stage IIIC Skin Melanoma; Stage IV Skin Melanoma

Intervention: Aldesleukin (Biological); Laboratory Biomarker Analysis (Other); Ziv-Aflibercept (Biological)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Ahmad Tarhini, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Beckman Research Institute


This randomized phase II trial studies how well aldesleukin with or without ziv-aflibercept works in treating patients with stage III-IV melanoma that cannot be removed by surgery. Aldesleukin may stimulate the white blood cells to kill cancer. Ziv-aflibercept may stop the growth of melanoma by blocking blood flow to the tumor. It is not yet known whether aldesleukin is more effective with or without ziv-aflibercept in treating melanoma.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Randomized Phase II Study of Sequential Biotherapy With Aflibercept and High Dose IL-2 Versus High Dose IL-2 Alone in Patients With Inoperable Stage III or Stage IV Melanoma: Efficacy and Biomarker Study

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Progression-free survival

Secondary outcome:

1-year survival

Incidence of adverse events, graded according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0

Overall survival

Response rate, evaluated using the RECIST v1.1

Detailed description: PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Test the hypothesis that combination biotherapy with aflibercept (ziv-aflibercept) and high-dose (HD) interleukin (IL)-2 (aldesleukin) will improve the progression-free survival compared to HD IL-2 alone. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the response rate (complete response [CR] + partial response [PR]) of aflibercept and HD IL-2 as assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria version 1. 1 and compare to results of HD IL-2 alone. II. Evaluate the toxicities and tolerance of combination biotherapy with aflibercept and HD IL-2 and maintenance aflibercept alone in this patient population and compare to HD-IL2 alone. III. Test the hypotheses related to the laboratory correlative studies. IV. Evaluate the overall survival of patients treated with aflibercept and HD IL-2 and HD IL-2 alone. OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. ARM I: Patients receive ziv-aflibercept intravenously (IV) over at least 1 hour on day 1 of weeks 1, 3, 5, and 7 (and in week 9 of course 1 only) and high-dose aldesleukin IV over 15 minutes every 8 hours for 5 days in weeks 1 and 3 (and in weeks 3 and 5 of course 1 only). Treatment repeats every 8 weeks for 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive maintenance therapy comprising ziv-aflibercept IV on day 1. Courses repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. ARM II: Patients receive high-dose aldesleukin IV over 15 minutes every 8 hours for 5 days in weeks 1 and 3. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3-4 months for 5 years.


Minimum age: 17 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic melanoma

(includes American Joint Committee on Cancer [AJCC] stage IV or advanced/inoperable stage III; also includes patients with a history of lower stage melanoma and subsequent recurrent metastatic disease that is either locally/regionally advanced/inoperable disease or distant metastases)

- Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be

accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as > 10 mm with computed tomography (CT) scan or clinically (must be measurable with calipers) according to RECIST version 1. 1

- Patients must be free of brain metastasis by contrast-enhanced CT/magnetic resonance

imaging (MRI) scans within 4 weeks prior to enrollment; if known to have prior brain metastases, must not have evidence of active brain disease after definitive therapy (surgery, radiation therapy, or stereotactic radiosurgery) on two successive MRI evaluations at least 3 months apart (one of which is =< 4 weeks prior to starting the study drugs)

- A patient may be treatment naïve; however, up to two prior regimens for metastatic

melanoma are allowed; prior adjuvant interferon (IFN)-alpha is allowed; no prior therapy with bevacizumab, aflibercept or interleukin-2 (IL-2)

- Patients must not have received systemic therapy or radiotherapy within the preceding

4 weeks; patients must have recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier

- Patients must be at least 4 weeks from major surgery and have fully recovered from

any effects of surgery, and be free of significant detectable infection

- For patients who have received prior anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen (CTLA)4

monoclonal antibody therapy (ipilimumab or tremelimumab), there is a risk of bowel perforation with IL-2 therapy; therefore, for these patients if they have a history of colitis or diarrhea during anti-CTLA4 monoclonal antibody therapy, they should have a formal evaluation by a gastroenterologist and a colonoscopy should be considered to demonstrate the absence of active bowel inflammation before initiating IL-2 therapy on this protocol

- Life expectancy of greater than 3 months in the opinion of the investigator

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1 (Karnofsky > 70%)

- Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL

- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL

- Platelets >= 100,000/mcL

- Total bilirubin within 1. 5 x institutional upper limit of normal

- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase

[SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2. 5 x institutional upper limit of normal

- Creatinine within 1. 5 x institutional upper limit of normal OR creatinine clearance

>= 60 mL/min/1. 73 m^2 for patients with creatinine level above institutional normal

- Urine protein should be screened by urinalysis for urine protein creatinine ratio

(UPCR); for UPCR > 1, a 24-hour urine protein should be obtained and the level should be < 500 mg

- Patients on full-dose anticoagulants (e. g., warfarin) with prothrombin time (PT)

international normalized ratio (INR) > 1. 5 are eligible provided that both of the following criteria are met:

- The patient has an in-range INR (usually between 2 and 3) on a stable dose of

oral anticoagulant or on a stable dose of low molecular weight heparin

- The patient has no active bleeding or pathological condition that carries a high

risk of bleeding (e. g., tumor involving major vessels or known varices)

- Forced expiratory volume (FEV) 1 > 2. 0 liters or > 75% of predicted for height and

age (pulmonary function test [PFTs] are required for patients over 50 years old or with significant pulmonary or smoking history)

- No evidence of congestive heart failure, symptoms of coronary artery disease,

myocardial infarction less than 6 months prior to entry, serious cardiac arrhythmias, or unstable angina

- Patients who are over 40 years old or have had previous myocardial infarction

greater than 6 months prior to study entry or have significant cardiac family history (coronary artery disease [CAD] or serious arrhythmias) will be required to have a negative or low probability cardiac stress test (for example, thallium stress test, stress multi-gated acquisition scan [MUGA], stress echocardiography [echo], or exercise stress test) for cardiac ischemia within 8 weeks prior to registration

- An echocardiogram should be performed at baseline in all patients; ejection

fraction (EF) from baseline echocardiogram must be within the institutional limits of normal as determined by the reading cardiologist; if the baseline cardiac stress test incorporates an echocardiogram, then this will not need to be done again at baseline

- No history of cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attacks within the past

6 months

- Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception

(hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for at least 6 months after completion of study therapy; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately

- Women should not be lactating and, if of childbearing age, should have a negative

pregnancy test (beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [b-HCG] test; serum or urine, minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of b-HCG) within two week of registration in the study

- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for

nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier

- Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents

- Patients with brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial except as

noted above

- Patients with known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other

recombinant human antibodies, and patients with a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to other agents used in the study

- Serious or non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture

- History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal

abscess within 28 days of treatment

- Patients with the following invasive procedures:

- Major surgical procedures, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 28

days prior to day 1 therapy

- Anticipation of need for major surgical procedures during the course of the


- Minor surgical procedures, fine needle aspirations or core biopsies within 7

days prior to day 1 of therapy; central venous catheter placements are permitted to be completed 7 or more days prior to day 1 of therapy; however, peripherally inserted central catheter (peripherally inserted central catheter [PICC] or PIC line) may be placed at any time prior to or during therapy

- Patients with clinically significant cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease:

- History of cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack within past 6


- Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as blood pressure > 150/100 mm Hg or systolic

blood pressure (BP) > 180 mm Hg if diastolic blood pressure < 90 mm Hg, on at least 2 repeated determinations on separate days within past 3 months

- Myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or unstable angina

within the past 6 Months

- New York Heart Association grade III or greater congestive heart failure,

serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication, unstable angina pectoris within past 6 months

- Clinically significant peripheral vascular disease within past 6 months

- Pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), or other thromboembolic event

within past 6 months

- History of tumor-related or other serious hemorrhage, bleeding diathesis, or

underlying coagulopathy

- PT INR > 1. 5 unless the patient is on full-dose warfarin

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active

infection or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral

therapy are ineligible

- Patients who have other current malignancies are not eligible; patients with other

malignancies are eligible if they have been continuously disease free for > 5 years prior to the time of randomization; patients with prior history at any time of any in situ cancer, lobular carcinoma of the breast in situ, cervical cancer in situ, atypical melanocytic hyperplasia, or melanoma in situ are eligible; patients with a prior history of basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer are eligible; patients who have had multiple primary melanomas are eligible

- Patients must not have autoimmune disorders or conditions of immunosuppression that

require current ongoing treatment with systemic corticosteroids (or other systemic immunosuppressants), including oral steroids (i. e., prednisone, dexamethasone) or continuous use of topical steroid creams or ointments or ophthalmologic steroids or steroid inhalers

- If a patient had been taking steroids, at least 2 weeks must have passed since

the last dose

Locations and Contacts

City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center, Duarte, California 91010, United States; Recruiting
Sanjay Awasthi, Phone: 626-359-8111, Ext: 69200, Email: sawasthi@coh.org
Sanjay Awasthi, Principal Investigator

USC / Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, California 90033, United States; Recruiting
Heinz-Josef Lenz, Phone: 323-865-3955, Email: lenz@usc.edu
Heinz-Josef Lenz, Principal Investigator

University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center, Sacramento, California 95817, United States; Recruiting
Scott D. Christensen, Phone: 916-734-3772, Email: scott.christensen@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu
Scott D. Christensen, Principal Investigator

City of Hope South Pasadena, South Pasadena, California 91030, United States; Recruiting
Stephen C. Koehler, Phone: 626-396-2900, Email: Skhehler@cohmg.com
Stephen C. Koehler, Principal Investigator

University of Colorado Cancer Center - Anschutz Cancer Pavilion, Aurora, Colorado 80045, United States; Recruiting
Karl D. Lewis, Phone: 720-848-0584, Email: karl.lewis@ucdenver.edu
Karl D. Lewis, Principal Investigator

Emory University/Winship Cancer Institute, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, United States; Recruiting
David H. Lawson, Phone: 404-778-1900, Email: dlawson@emory.edu
David H. Lawson, Principal Investigator

Lurie Children's Hospital-Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60611, United States; Recruiting
Timothy M. Kuzel, Phone: 312-695-4518, Email: t-kuzel@northwestern.edu
Timothy M. Kuzel, Principal Investigator

IU Health Methodist Hospital, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, United States; Recruiting
Theodore F. Logan, Phone: 317-948-7576, Email: tlogan@iu.edu
Theodore F. Logan, Principal Investigator

University of Iowa/Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, United States; Recruiting
Mohammed M. Milhem, Phone: 319-356-2324, Email: mohammed-milhem@uiowa.edu
Mohammed M. Milhem, Principal Investigator

Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, Detroit, Michigan 48201, United States; Recruiting
Lawrence E. Flaherty, Phone: 313-576-8725, Email: flaherty@karmanos.org
Lawrence E. Flaherty, Principal Investigator

Metro-Minnesota NCI Community Oncology Research Program, Saint Louis Park, Minnesota 55416, United States; Recruiting
Patrick J. Flynn, Phone: 612-863-8585, Email: patrick.flynn@usoncology.com
Patrick J. Flynn, Principal Investigator

Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, United States; Recruiting
Lionel D. Lewis, Phone: 603-650-8685, Email: lionel.lewis@dartmouth.edu
Lionel D. Lewis, Principal Investigator

Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263, United States; Recruiting
Nikhil I. Khushalani, Phone: 716-845-3099, Email: Nikhil.Khushalani@RoswellPark.org
Nikhil I. Khushalani, Principal Investigator

Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States; Recruiting
Henry B. Koon, Phone: 216-368-1175, Email: Henry.Koon@UHhospitals.org
Henry B. Koon, Principal Investigator

Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, United States; Recruiting
Marc S. Ernstoff, Phone: 216-444-0888, Email: ernstom@ccf.org
Marc S. Ernstoff, Principal Investigator

Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210, United States; Recruiting
Thomas E. Olencki, Phone: 614-293-4680, Email: Thomas.Olencki@osumc.edu
Thomas E. Olencki, Principal Investigator

Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033-0850, United States; Recruiting
Chandra P. Belani, Phone: 717-531-1078, Email: cbelani@psu.edu
Chandra P. Belani, Principal Investigator

University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15232, United States; Recruiting
Ahmad A. Tarhini, Phone: 412-648-6507, Email: tarhiniaa@upmc.edu
Ahmad A. Tarhini, Principal Investigator

Vanderbilt University/Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, United States; Recruiting
Igor Puzanov, Phone: 615-936-6938, Email: igor.puzanov@vanderbilt.edu
Igor Puzanov, Principal Investigator

University of Virginia Cancer Center, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, United States; Recruiting
Geoffrey R. Weiss, Phone: 434-243-0066, Email: grw3k@virginia.edu
Geoffrey R. Weiss, Principal Investigator

Additional Information

Starting date: January 2011
Last updated: August 11, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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