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Clinical Trial of Hydroquinone Versus Miconazol in Melasma

Information source: Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosí
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Melasma

Intervention: Miconazole (Drug); Hydroquinone (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosí

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Juan P Castanedo-Cazares, M.D., Study Director, Affiliation: Hospital Central "Dr. Ignacio Morones Prieto". UASLP
Amalia Reyes-Herrera, M.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Hospital Central "Dr. Ignacio Morones Prieto". UASLP
Bertha Torres-Alvarez, M.D., Study Chair, Affiliation: Hospital Central "Dr. Ignacio Morones Prieto". UASLP

Overall contact:
Amalia Reyes-Herrera, M.D., Phone: 52014448342795


Melasma is an acquired discoloration of the skin characterized by brown colour changes commonly on the face. The duration of this double-blind clinical trial will be 12 weeks. The control group will receive treatment with topical Hydroquinone (4%), and the other group topical miconazole. Miconazol has antimelanotic properties and can be used as treatment for melasma patients. The estimated number of subjects to be recruited and randomized for the study is at least 30. The purpose of this study is determine if there is a difference in the effectiveness of these two agents. Melasma Area and Severity Index (MASI) score will be assessed at the beginning of the study and at weeks 4, 8, and 12. Photographs, colorimetry and histological assessment will be also evaluated. Occurrence of adverse effects will also be recorded.

Clinical Details

Official title: Double Blind Randomized Study of 2% Miconazol Versus 4% Hydroquinone in the Treatment for Melasma.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Depigmentation of melasma lesions by Colorimetry

Secondary outcome:

Global Physician Assessment

MASI (Melasma Area Severity Index)

Melanin content by Fontana Masson stain

Detailed description: Melasma is a common acquired hypermelanosis in dark skin populations, usually characterized by symmetrical, irregular macules occurring in photo-exposed areas such as face. Treatment with depigmenting compounds such as hydroquinone, are still the gold standard in this condition. Miconazol has depigmented properties that could be used as part of the treatment in melasma patients. This effect is exerted by inhibiting the tyrosinase enzyme. So, the primary objective of this study is to compare the depigmenting activity of miconazole against hydroquinone. Patients who are included in the study will be randomly assigned to receive one of the treatments, which should use for 12 weeks. The medications should be applied in the affected regions twice a day. The evaluation of clinical improvement will be done in a blinded modality by means of the MASI score, the Global Physician Assessment, as well as colorimetry and histological melanin content. Evaluations will be held on visits at 4, 8 and 12 weeks. Skin biopsy will be taken at onset and at 12 weeks. At the end of the study, data will be compared concerning the former parameters. All side effects will be recorded and analysed.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 60 Years. Gender(s): Female.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Signed informed consent

- Mexican women over 18 years of age

- Dermatologic diagnostic of melasma

- Phototype III or more

Exclusion Criteria:

- Pregnant or breastfeeding

- Postbirth, abortion in the past 6 months

- Having an endocrine or autoimmune disease

- Under hormonal therapy of any kind including contraceptives or it´s use in the past 6


- Currently under treatment for melasma including sunblock

- Currently under radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunosuppressants of any kind or

phototherapy or it´s use in the past 6 months

- Having used or are consuming photosensitizing substances, oral or topical

Locations and Contacts

Amalia Reyes-Herrera, M.D., Phone: 52014448342795

Dermatology Department. Hospital Central "Dr. Ignacio Morones Prieto", San Luis Potosí 78210, Mexico; Recruiting
Juan Pablo Castanedo-Cazares, M.D., Phone: 52014448342795, Email: castanju@yahoo.com
Bertha Torres-Alvarez, M.D., Phone: 52014448342795, Email: torresmab@yahoo.com.mx
Additional Information

Related publications:

Navarrete-Solís J, Castanedo-Cázares JP, Torres-Álvarez B, Oros-Ovalle C, Fuentes-Ahumada C, González FJ, Martínez-Ramírez JD, Moncada B. A Double-Blind, Randomized Clinical Trial of Niacinamide 4% versus Hydroquinone 4% in the Treatment of Melasma. Dermatol Res Pract. 2011;2011:379173. doi: 10.1155/2011/379173. Epub 2011 Jul 21.

Torres-Álvarez B, Mesa-Garza IG, Castanedo-Cázares JP, Fuentes-Ahumada C, Oros-Ovalle C, Navarrete-Solis J, Moncada B. Histochemical and immunohistochemical study in melasma: evidence of damage in the basal membrane. Am J Dermatopathol. 2011 May;33(3):291-5. doi: 10.1097/DAD.0b013e3181ef2d45.

Moncada B, Sahagún-Sánchez LK, Torres-Alvarez B, Castanedo-Cázares JP, Martínez-Ramírez JD, González FJ. Molecular structure and concentration of melanin in the stratum corneum of patients with melasma. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed. 2009 Jun;25(3):159-60. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0781.2009.00425.x.

Hernández-Barrera R, Torres-Alvarez B, Castanedo-Cazares JP, Oros-Ovalle C, Moncada B. Solar elastosis and presence of mast cells as key features in the pathogenesis of melasma. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2008 May;33(3):305-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2230.2008.02724.x.

Espinal-Perez LE, Moncada B, Castanedo-Cazares JP. A double-blind randomized trial of 5% ascorbic acid vs. 4% hydroquinone in melasma. Int J Dermatol. 2004 Aug;43(8):604-7.

Starting date: October 2011
Last updated: December 1, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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