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Remifentanil for General Anesthesia in Preeclamptics

Information source: Istanbul University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Pre-Eclampsia; Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced; Pregnancy Complications

Intervention: Remifentanil (Drug); Saline (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Not yet recruiting

Sponsored by: Istanbul University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Tulay Ozkan Seyhan, Associate Prof, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine

Overall contact:
Tulay Ozkan Seyhan, Associate Prof., Phone: +90 212 631 87 67, Email: tulay2000@e-kolay.net


The purpose of this study is to determine whether remifentanil use in preeclamptic patients may blunt hemodynamic response to intubation during general anesthesia for cesarean section.

Clinical Details

Official title: Remifentanil for c-Section With General Anesthesia in Severe Preeclamptic Patients

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)

Primary outcome: Blood pressure

Secondary outcome:

Heart rate

Amount of additional drugs and fluids if required

Evaluation of the newborn

Detailed description: General anesthesia for cesarean section involves rapid sequence induction with a muscle relaxant and barbiturate followed by endotracheal intubation. Although the use of opioids may blunt haemodynamic responses to endotracheal intubation, they are avoided in pregnant patients due to possible respiratory depressants effects on neonates. Preeclamptic patients response with exaggerated sympathoadrenal reflex to anesthesia induction and intubation. The resulting hypertension and tachycardia may result in cerebrovascular accident, pulmonary edema, arrhythmias, increased myocardial oxygen consumption and fetal hypoxia by uterine vasoconstriction. Several drugs have been used to blunt the hemodynamic disturbances to intubation, but none of them have been implicated for routine use for general anesthesia in preeclamptic patients. Recently remifentanil has started to be used in general anesthesia of high risk obstetric patients. Remifentanil is a μ-opioid receptor agonist that is metabolized by nonspecific blood and tissue esterase hydrolysis. It has a low distribution volume with a context sensitive half life of 3 minutes. Its elimination half life is 12 minutes even after repeated boli. Previously remifentanil use in pregnant patients with cardiac pathology has been reported with minimal neonatal side effects. A randomized controlled study in normal parturient has shown that remifentanil is transferred through placenta and may cause mild neonatal depression that is easily managed. Umbilical artery and vein remifentanil concentrations has shown that remifentanil is quickly redistributed or metabolized in fetus. Thus, remifentanil may be an appropriate drug for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia in severe preeclamptic patients.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 45 Years. Gender(s): Female.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Severe preeclamptic parturients with single fetus pregnancy with contraindication to

regional anesthesia Exclusion Criteria:

- Known allergy to study drugs

- Known fetal anomaly and /or gestation week and /or estimated to be nonviable (fetal

weight <400 gr, gestational week<24 weeks)

- Known cardiac disease diagnosed prior to pregnancy

- Known drug abuse in the parturient

- Multifetal gestation

- Anticipated difficult airway management (mask ventilation and/or endotracheal


Locations and Contacts

Tulay Ozkan Seyhan, Associate Prof., Phone: +90 212 631 87 67, Email: tulay2000@e-kolay.net

Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine Anesthesiology Dept., Istanbul, Capa 34390, Turkey; Not yet recruiting
Additional Information

Related publications:

Ngan Kee WD, Khaw KS, Ma KC, Wong AS, Lee BB, Ng FF. Maternal and neonatal effects of remifentanil at induction of general anesthesia for cesarean delivery: a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. Anesthesiology. 2006 Jan;104(1):14-20.

Starting date: February 2008
Last updated: December 4, 2007

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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