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Combination of gp96-Ig Vaccine, Theophylline and Oxygen for the Treatment of Patients With Advanced, Relapsed or Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Information source: University of Miami
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer; Non-small-cell Lung Carcinoma; Lung Cancer; NSCLC

Intervention: gp96-Ig Vaccine (Biological); Theophylline (Drug); Oxygen (Other); Immunologic Evaluation (Procedure)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Withdrawn

Sponsored by: Eckhard Podack

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Ikechukwu Akunyili, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Miami


NSCLC tumors are appropriate targets for active immunotherapy, because they are non-immunogenic, which indicates that NSCLC does not stimulate a spontaneous immune response. NSCLC tumor-secreted gp96-Ig is an ideal vaccine because it combines adjuvant activity with polyvalent peptide specificity. Tumor secreted gp96 activates dendritic cells (DC), natural killer cells (NK) and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). Tumor cells can be killed by NK-specific mechanisms, by promiscuous killing of CD8 CTL through NKG2D, and by MHC restricted CD8 CTL activity. The activation of DC and NK by tumor secreted gp96 may also counteract the generation of immuno-suppressive CD4 regulatory cells. Suppression of adenosinergic pathways by oxygen and theophylline in combination with immunotherapy will improve tumor rejection. Allogeneic, gp96-Ig secreting tumor cells used as vaccine are expected to generate NK and CTL with activity to the patient's autologous tumor.

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase 1 Study of the Combination of gp96-Ig Cell Based Lung Cancer Vaccine With Suppression of Adenosinergic Pathways With Theophylline and Oxygen for the Treatment of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients With Advanced (Stage IIIB), Relapsed or Metastatic (Stage IV) Disease Who Have Failed Palliative Therapy.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Number of Adverse Events Experienced by Patients Receiving Study Treatment

Secondary outcome:

Immune response to vaccination

Clinical Response to gp96-Ig Vaccination

Recommended Dose-schedule Combination for further testing

Detailed description: This is a proof of principle trial investigating a heat shock protein gp96 Ig-secreting, allogeneic tumor cell-vaccine (gp96-Ig vaccine) administered in combination with suppression of adenosinergic pathways by oxygen and Theophylline to patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Allogeneic, cultured lung adenocarcinoma cells transfected with HLA A1 and gp96-Ig will be irradiated and injected intradermally into patients suffering from advanced, relapsed, or metastatic NSCLC. HLA matching is not required. Safety and immunogenicity of the combined treatment will be studied in three patient cohorts that will receive twice monthly, weekly or twice weekly vaccination plus Theophylline and oxygen. Immune response to vaccination of patients will be measured by determining adenocarcinoma-specific CD8 CTL precursor frequencies. ELI-spot assay for interferon-y (IFN-y) will be done to measure cytotoxic function of CD8 cells challenged in vitro with vaccine cells or autologous tumor cells. Multiparameter flow cytometry of CD8 and CD4 cells will be carried out to assess functional characteristics and to assess adenosine receptor levels and expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha. Patients will be randomized in equal allocation (1: 1:1) to one of three dose-schedule (DS) cohorts defined by the frequency of vaccination. All patients will receive a total course dose of gp96 vaccine. A total of 36 patients, 12 per DS cohort, will be enrolled. We expect to accrue at a rate of two patients per month except at the onset of study when successive enrollment will be spaced to allow observation of first course toxicity in the first several patients. (See Section 3. 3.4 for details.) Patients will be followed for a minimum of one year, thus study duration is expected to be three years.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Histologically confirmed NSCLC (squamous, adeno-, large cell anaplastic,

bronchoalveolar, and non-small cell carcinoma NOS): stage IIIB with malignant pleural effusion, stage IV, or recurrent disease.

- At least one site of measurable disease.

- Brain metastasis if present and treated must be stable by CT scan or MRI for at least

4 weeks after treatment.

- Patient must have received and failed at least one line of palliative therapy

(chemotherapy or biological therapy)

- Age >= 18 years.

- ECOG performance status 0-2.

- Life expectancy >= 3 months.

- Laboratory parameters

- Hemoglobin levels >= 10. 0 (transfusions allowed if necessary).

- ANC >= 1,500.

- Platelets >= 100k.

- Creatinine clearance >= 50 ml/min.

- Total and direct bilirubin: < 3. 0 x upper institution limit for normal.

- Liver function tests: AST, ALT, and AlkP < 3. 0 x upper institution limit for


- Signed informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Active or symptomatic cardiac disease such as congestive heart failure, angina

pectoris or recent myocardial infarction. Patients with history of these conditions who are stable taking cardiac medications will also be excluded.

- Pregnant or lactating women (negative test for pregnancy is required of women of

childbearing potential).

- Known HIV infection.

- Uncontrolled or untreated brain or spinal cord metastases.

- Active infection.

- Concomitant steroid or other immunosuppressive therapy.

- Other active malignancies present within the past three years, except for basal

and/or squamous cell carcinoma(s) or in situ cervical cancer.

- Meningeal carcinomatosis.

- Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or other anti-tumor therapy during the last three


- Immune deficiency syndromes, including the following: rheumatoid arthritis, systemic

lupus erythematousus, Sjogren's disease, sarcoidosis, vasculitis, polymyositis, glomerulonephritis.

- Compromised lung function:

- FeV1 < 30% of the predicted value, or

- DLCO < 30% of the predicted value, or

- PCO2 > 45 mmHg.

Locations and Contacts

Additional Information

Starting date: December 2014
Last updated: November 14, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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