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Cilostazol-Aspirin Therapy Against Recurrent Stroke With Intracranial Artery Stenosis

Information source: Translational Research Informatics Center, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Cerebrovascular Disorders

Intervention: Asprin, Cilostazol (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Translational Research Informatics Center, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Shinichiro Uchiyama, M.D. PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Tokyo Women's Medical University School of Medicine
Nobuyuki Sakai, M.D. PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Kobe City General Hospital


Multi-center, open-labelled randomized controlled trial, to study the effect of aspirin plus cilostazol and aspirin alone on the progression of intracranial arterial stenosis, in 200 chronic stroke patients with 50-99% stenosis, to be followed up for 2 years

Clinical Details

Official title: Cilostazol-Aspirin Therapy Against Recurrent Stroke With Intracranial Artery Stenosis (CATHARSIS)

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Progression of intracranial arterial stenosis after two years

Secondary outcome:

Cardiovascular events (ischemic stroke, cardiac infarctin, and other vascular events ),

death (stroke death, vascular death except for stroke ),

serious adverse events, new silent brain infarcts, and degrees of activity of daily living.

Detailed description: Intracraial arterial stenosis (IAS) is more common in Asia, including Japanese, than in Cocasian. Also, stroke recurrence rate is high in patients with such lesions, despite medical treatment. Accoding to the result of WASID (N Engl J Med 2005;352: 1305-16), warfarin is not recommended because of the concern of safety (higher risk of intracranial hemorrhage and death when compared with aspirin), wheras the efficacy of aspirin is not enough in symptomatic IAS patients. Under these conditions, we planned to conduct a nationwide multi-center, open labelled, randomized controlled trial to compare the effect of aspirin plus cilostazol (phosphodiestrase type 3 inhibitor) and aspirin alone on the progression of IAS in 200 IAS patients with ischemic stroke after 2 weeks to 6 months of onset. Patients are randomly allocated to either of two groups. Aspirin 100mg/day plus cilostazol 200 mg/day is given to the 100 patients in one group, and aspirin 100 mg/day alone is given to 100 patients in another group. Follow-up period is at least two years. The primary endpoint is progression of IAS on MRA at two years after randomization. The secondary endpoints are cardiovascular events (ischemic stroke, myocardial infarct, and other vascular events), death, serious adverse events, new silent brain infarcts, and activity of daily life. The purpose of this study is to establish the best medical treatment in symptomatic IAS patients. This study will also provide important information for the future randomized controlled study to compare medical treatment alone and intravascular intervetnion (PTA and/or stenting) in these patients.


Minimum age: 45 Years. Maximum age: 85 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- (1) Ischemic stroke after two weeks to six months from onset,

- (2) Responsible lesion identified on MRI,

- ( 3) Intracranial arterial stenosis >50% on MRA in the territory of responsible


- (4) Intracranial arterial stenosis in suproclinoid internal carotid arterry, M1

portion of midlle cerebral artery, or basilar artery,

- (5) Age of 45 to 85 years,

- (6) Able to visit out-patient clinic, and

- (7) Written informed consent obtained from patient or family.

Exclusion Criteria:

- (1) Patients with potential cardiac embolic sources,

- (2) Patients receiving cilostazol,

- (3) Patients on warfarin treatment,

- (4) Patients in whom MRI cannot be perfomed,

- (5) Patients in whom PTA or bypass surgery is planned,

- (6) Patients with history of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, other hemorrhagic

diseases (active peptic ulcer etc.), hemophilia or coagulation abnormalities,

- (7) Patients with hypersensitivity to cilostazol or aspirin,

- (8) Patients with congestive heart failure or uncontrollable angina pectoris,

- (9) Patients with thrombocytopenia (<100,000/mm3),

- (10) Patients with liver dysfunction (AST or ALT >100 IU/L),

- (11) Patients with renal dysfunction (Creatinin >2. 0 mg/dl),

- (12) Patients who cannot to be followed up during the study period,

- (13) Patients who are enrolled in other clinical trials, and

- (14) Patients inadequate for this study by other reasons.

Locations and Contacts

Tokyo Women's Medical University School of Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan
Additional Information

Starting date: May 2006
Last updated: August 2, 2012

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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