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Injectable Collagenase For Burns' Associated Contracture

Information source: Sheba Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Burn's Associated Contracture

Intervention: Xiaflex (FDA approved collagenase) (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Not yet recruiting

Sponsored by: Sheba Medical Center

Overall contact:
Joseph Haik, MD, Phone: 972-3-5302416

Summary

A pilot experiment to test the efficiency of the enzyme Collagenase in treating contractures which result's from burn's healing process. So far, treatment of choice in patients with burn's created movement limiting contractures, concentrated around supportive care. Patients were referred to surgical intervention only if necessary. Treatment by injecting an external enzyme is avant-garde and hasn't been done under such conditions. This study might introduce a new kind of treatment, which can be done in ambulatory environment .This type of treatment might significantly improve patients' function and quality of life, with no need for a surgical intervention.

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase 2 Of Injectable Collagenase (Xiaflex) For Burns' Associated Contracture

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Increase functionality of involved joint

Pain assessment

Increase functionality of involved joint

Increase functionality of involved joint

Pain assessment

Pain assessment

Detailed description: Scientific Background: Contracture is defined as a scar tissue that replaces the original tissue and leads to shortening and tightening of the muscle results in a range of motion limitation and deformity. Contracture creation is common in burn's healing process. The process itself involves fibrosis of the effected area including intrusion towards the deep layers of the skin, and can be described as ineffective healing process. In many cases these scars have major functional and cosmetic implications that challenges the plastic surgery departments around the world. Creation of bands, webs and contractures close to a joint area can cause a significant movement limitation and shortens the range of motion. Until recently, failure of treatment with bandaging, splints and physiotherapy activity usually led to surgical intervention involving many kinds of techniques ranging from simple incisions, Z-Plasties to skin grafts, and flaps. All these methods were meant to release the contracture itself and restore the functional capability. A recent study showed that it's possible to use the collagenase enzyme in releasing dupuytren's contracture by a simple injection, a procedure that can be preformed under ambulatory conditions. This kind of contracture causes a fixed flexion of the fingers towards the palm of the hand. The study was a double blinded, placebo controlled study and involved 308 patients, all suffered from contracture with at least 20 degrees range of movement limitation. In the end, it was proved beyond any doubt that collagenase is effective in releasing and restoring range of motion of dupuytren's contracture. These positive results might indicate the possibility of using collagenase in other kinds of contractures. In this study the investigators intend to perform a preliminary test of the effectiveness of collagenase in treating contracture that developed due to the burn's healing process. As comparison parameters the investigators will compare the range of motion before and after treatment and subjective feeling of pain (again, before and after treatment) according to VAS scale of pain. Also the investigators will try to monitor any kind of side effects that might appear. In the clinical aspect, this study might introduce the medical community with a new kind of treatment protocols and even might decrease the need for surgical intervention in these patients. Goal: A pilot experiment to test the efficiency of the enzyme Collagenase in treating contractures which result's from burn's healing process. Methods: During the study the investigators will recruit about 10 patients which suffer from a known contracture that causes movement's restriction and can be attributed to burn's healing process. These patients will have to meet the exclusion and inclusion criteria of the study. Patients will sign an informed consent in according to the Helsinki Committee, containing the list of complications and side effects expected. Patients will go through Collagenase enzyme injections according to the protocol that was conducted in the dupuytren's study. Before performing the injections, the range of motion's limitations will be measured using goniometer and a pain scale questionnaire (VAS) will be filled by the patient. Remeasuring will be done in several time periods, after the first injection, ranging from 24 hours, a week, 14 days and 28 days. Expected results and research significance: So far, treatment of choice in patients with burn's created movement limiting contractures, concentrated around supportive care. Patients were referred to surgical intervention only if necessary .Treatment by injecting an external enzyme is avant-garde and hasn't been done under such conditions. Injections attempts of various enzymes such as hyaluronidase , Collagenase and also Gelatinase are documented in the literature as therapeutic trial for Keloid and hypertrophic scars in the aesthetic aspect, were found ineffective. However, literature review found no evidence of therapeutic attempts using Collagenase in burn's healing contracture for the functional aspect. These processes are known to be fibrotic and rich with collagen deposition. This study might introduce a new kind of treatment, which can be done in ambulatory environment .This type of treatment might significantly improve patients' function and quality of life, with no need for a surgical intervention.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

1. age - 18+

2. Contracture is 6 month old or more 3. Place of contracture in a flex-ext joint only (e. g knee, elbow) 4. Contracture leads to 15% decrease in joint range of movement vs anatomical range 5. Physiotherapy can no longer improve those patients condition Exclusion Criteria: 1. Any systemic condition involving skin or soft tissue disease 2. skin disease related to elastin, collagen or keratinocytes 3. Known allergy to Clostridium Collagenase enzyme 4. Psychiatric, Prisoners, Soldiers, Pregnant women 5. Patients whom due to their home location will not be available to frequent surveillance

Locations and Contacts

Joseph Haik, MD, Phone: 972-3-5302416

Sheba Hospital, Ramat Gan, Israel; Not yet recruiting
Joseph Haik, MD, Phone: 972-3-5302416
Joseph Haik, MD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

xiaflex product which will be used during the study

Starting date: March 2011
Last updated: November 9, 2010

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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