DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

A Multicentre Randomised Clinical Trial of Laser Treatment Plus Intravitreal Triamcinolone for Diabetic Macular Oedema

Information source: University of Sydney
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Diabetic Macular Oedema

Intervention: Triamcinolone acetate (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of Sydney

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Mark C Gillies, MBBS, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Save Sight Institute, Deaprtment of Clinical Ophthalmology, University of Sydney
Ian L McAllister, MBBS, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Lions Eye Institute, The University of Western Australia
Tien Wong, MBBS, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Royal Victoria Eye & Ear Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Melbourne
Jennifer Arnold, MBBS, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Marsden Eye Centre Parramatta


This study is likely to identify an improved and economical treatment for diabetic macular oedema, one of the commonest causes of blindness both in Australia and the rest of the world. The specific aims of the study are to test the following hypotheses:

- That intravitreal triamcinolone followed by laser treatment results in a greater

improvement in visual acuity than placebo followed by laser treatment of eyes with macular oedema secondary to diabetes;

- That intravitreal triamcinolone followed by laser treatment results in greater degree

of resolution of macular oedema than placebo followed by laser treatment of eyes with macular oedema secondary to diabetes;

- That intravitreal triamcinolone followed by laser treatment results in a reduced

requirement for further laser treatment to control diabetic macular oedema than placebo followed by laser treatment;

- That intravitreal triamcinolone followed laser has a manageable and acceptable safety

profile in eyes with diabetic macular edema.

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase II/III Multicentre Randomised Clinical Trial of Laser Treatment Plus 4 mg Intravitreal Triamcinolone Injection to Reduce Diabetic Macular Oedema

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: The proportion of eyes showing an improvement of visual acuity by 10 letters on a LogMAR chart compared with the pre-injection level 24 months after treatment

Secondary outcome:

Number of laser treatments required for the treatment of macular oedema during the course of the study.

Change in retinal thickness demonstrated on optical coherence tomography (OCT)

The incidence of moderate or severe side effects related to the procedure of intravitreal injection or related to the drug

Detailed description: A 25 fold increase in the risk of going blind on diagnosis of diabetes is one of the most daunting threats that people with diabetes face. Stimulated by several uncontrolled, anecdotal reports, we are already conducting a randomized clinical trial of intravitreal triamcinolone for the treatment of diabetic macular edema which is refractory to conventional laser treatment. The analysis of the 3 month data from this study has already unequivocally demonstrated that the treatment very significantly reduces or eliminates macular oedema in the short term and results in improved visual acuity. Thus intravitreal triamcinolone may represent the most significant development in the prevention of blindness in people with diabetes since the introduction of laser treatment. It is also a highly cost-effective intervention that can be administered by general ophthalmologists. The next question to be answered, which will be addressed directly by the present study, is whether there is a significant, synergistic beneficial effect when intravitreal steroids are combined with current therapy (laser). This study represents the second major project to be undertaken by the Australian Retinal Collaboration (ARC). The ARC aims to set the highest attainable standards for investigator-initiated clinical research in retinal diseases in Australia. Having enrolled and treated more than the target of 120 patients, we are currently completing an RCT of laser induced chorioretinal anastomosis for central retinal vein occlusion, an innovative Australian concept for a severe and otherwise untreatable disease. The proposed study is likely to identify an improved and economical treatment for one of the commonest causes of blindness both in Australia and the rest of the world. Intravitreal triamcinolone is also an intervention which has generated intense interest internationally, and one for which members of the ARC are acknowledged pioneers. Successful implementation of the study proposed, which is feasible, is highly likely to have an immediate and direct effect on the prevention of vision impairment and blindness in people with diabetes


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Age >= 18 years

- Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus types 1 or 2

- Diabetic macular oedema affecting the fovea in one or both eyes (phakic or

pseudophakic) for which laser treatment is indicated in the opinion of the investigator

- Best corrected visual acuity of 19-68 letters (6/12 -6/120)

- Definite macular oedema on clinical examination involving the centre of the macula

- Retinal thickness > 250 micron in central 1mm subfield on OCT

- Investigator is comfortable deferring macular laser treatment for 6 weeks

Exclusion Criteria:

- Glaucoma which is uncontrolled or is controlled but with glaucomatous field defects

- Loss of vision due to other causes (e. g. age related macular degeneration, myopic

macular degeneration, retinal vein occlusion)

- Macular oedema due to other causes including vitreous traction

- An ocular condition that would prevent visual acuity improvement despite resolution

of oedema (such as foveal atrophy)

- Previous treatment IVTA within 6 months or with peribulbar TA within 3 months

- Cataract surgery within the last 6 months

- Retinal laser treatment within the last 4 months

- High risk PDR at baseline or laser therapy cannot be delayed for 6 weeks on retina

- History of herpes viral disease in study eye

- Media opacity including cataract that already precludes adequate macular photography

and laser treatment, or cataract that is likely to preclude an adequate view within 2 years

- Known allergies to triamcinolone acetate

- Patient is already receiving systemic steroid treatment

- Intercurrent severe disease such as septicemia, any condition which would affect

follow-up or photographic documentation (e. g. geographical, psycho-social)

- History of chronic renal failure requiring dialysis or renal transplant

- Blood pressure >180/110 mmHg

Locations and Contacts

Save Sight Institute, Sydney/Sydney Eye Hospital Campus, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2000, Australia
Additional Information

Related publications:

Sutter FK, Simpson JM, Gillies MC. Intravitreal triamcinolone for diabetic macular edema that persists after laser treatment: three-month efficacy and safety results of a prospective, randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Ophthalmology. 2004 Nov;111(11):2044-9.

Larsson J, Zhu M, Sutter F, Gillies MC. Relation between reduction of foveal thickness and visual acuity in diabetic macular edema treated with intravitreal triamcinolone. Am J Ophthalmol. 2005 May;139(5):802-6.

Starting date: April 2005
Last updated: June 21, 2010

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017