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Subacromial Corticosteroid Injection for Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain

Information source: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Shoulder Pain

Intervention: Lidocaine (Drug); Triamcinolone + Lidocaine (Drug); Triamcinolone + Lidocaine (Drug); Triamcinolone + Lidocaine (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
John Chae, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: MetroHealth Medical Center; Case Western Reserve University

Overall contact:
Peggy Maloney, RN, Phone: 216-778-8563, Email: mmaloney@metrohealth.org


This is a double-blinded study of subacromial corticosteroid injection (steroid injection to the shoulder) to treat shoulder pain in the paralyzed (hemiplegic) shoulder of chronic stroke survivors. This study is designed to evaluate pain relief of a standard steroid injection treatment, compared to a high dose treatment and a low dose treatment, for shoulder pain in stroke survivors. A total of 105 chronic stroke survivors with moderate to severe shoulder pain will be enrolled. All eligible participants will undergo an initial test injection to localize pain to the subacromial space. If this turns out to be positive, the subjects will be randomly assigned to one of three groups: 1. low dose group which receives 20mg of steroid (triamcinolone) injection to the subacromial space of the affected shoulder; 2. standard dose group which receives a standard 40mg of steroid (triamcinolone) injection to the subacromial space of the affected shoulder; or 3. high dose group which receives 60mg of steroid (triamcinolone) injection to the subacromial space of the affected shoulder. Study participants will all rate their pain in weekly interviews. Laboratory-based measures also will be administered every 4 weeks. Subjects will be followed for a total of 13 weeks. The study will thus characterize the dose response of triamcinolone for the treatment of hemiplegic shoulder pain.

Clinical Details

Official title: Clinical Trials in Stroke Rehabilitation

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: BPI 12 (Brief Pain Inventory, Question 12) pain questionnaire

Secondary outcome:

BPI 13-15 (Brief Pain Inventory, Questions 13-15) pain questionnaire

BPI 23 (Brief Pain Inventory, Question 23) pain questionnaire

Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment

Pain free external rotation range of motion (ROM)

Pain free abduction range of motion (ROM)

Detailed description:

- A total of 105 chronic stroke survivors with moderate to severe shoulder pain will be

enrolled. Subjects will be enrolled in the study for 13 weeks. Subjects who complete the protocol will visit MetroHealth five times.

- Visit 1: Baseline information about demographics, past medical history, and

inclusion/exclusion issues will be collected for study participants. Pertinent lab work will be performed to determine initial eligibility.

- Visit 2: All initially eligible participants also will undergo a test injection of

lidocaine to localize the pain to the subacromial bursa (Neer's Test). A positive Neer's test is required to finalize eligibility for further participation. Participants who satisfy inclusion/exclusion criteria (including a positive Neer's test) will be randomized to high dose steroid, standard dose steroid, or low dose steroid via a computer generated random number table. The study participants and the observer will be blinded as to these groupings.

- After the initial Neer's test and randomization, participants will receive their

assigned injection the same day. Participants then will be followed for an additional 12 weeks, including three follow-up visits (Visits 3-5). The total participation time in this study will be 13 weeks.

- The primary outcome measure will be the BPI 12. The BPI is a pain questionnaire, which

assesses the "worst pain" in the previous 7 days. Secondary outcome measures BPI 13-15 ("least pain", "average pain", "pain right now") also will be assessed together with BPI 12. There will be 4 additional secondary outcome measures, BPI 23 (which assess the degree to which shoulder pain interferes with daily activities), Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment (a measure of poststroke motor impairment), pain free external rotation range of motion (ROM) and pain free abduction ROM.

- A blinded therapist will administer all outcome measures. The primary outcome will be

assessed on a weekly basis via telephone (or in person during weeks of MetroHealth visits) starting on the day of Visit 1 and continuing to 12-weeks after steroid injection (i. e., for the 13 weeks of the subject's participation). Secondary measures BPI 13-15 will also be administered weekly along with BPI 12. The remaining secondary outcomes will be assessed in clinic visits at least every 4 weeks starting with Visit 2 (Visits 2-5).


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Age greater than 18

- upper extremity hemiplegia due to hemorrhagic or nonhemorrhagic stroke

- ≤ 4/5 on manual muscle testing for the deltoid on the affected side if isolated

movement is present

- post-stroke duration ≥ 1-mo, but < 24-mo

- shoulder pain sustained for ≥ 1-mo

- BPI 12 ≥ 4 (pain scale)

- willing and able to report pain and other conditions throughout the 4-mo study period

- positive Neer's test

Exclusion Criteria:

- evidence of joint or overlying skin infection

- > 2 opioid and/or nonopioid analgesic for shoulder pain (i. e., > 2 regardless of


- regular intake of pain medications for any other chronic pain

- steroid injections to the shoulder in the last 6-wks

- history of pre-stroke shoulder pain

- bleeding disorder

- for those on Coumadin, INR > 3. 0

- history of allergies to lidocaine

- renal insufficiency (Creat > 2. 0)

- both history of liver disease & abnormal liver enzyme lab results

- poorly controlled diabetes (HbA1c > 7. 0)

- medical instability

- cognitive deficits; In order to pass the cognitive exam, the participant must exhibit

3/3 registration and recall the same three objects in 30 minutes. The participant must also be able to correctly rank the following three levels of pain from highest to lowest: 1) falling from a 2-story building and breaking both ankles, 2) stubbing one's toe and 3) getting bitten by a mosquito.

- immunocompromised

Locations and Contacts

Peggy Maloney, RN, Phone: 216-778-8563, Email: mmaloney@metrohealth.org

MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44109, United States; Recruiting
Peggy Maloney, RN, Phone: 216-778-8563, Email: mmaloney@metrohealth.org
John Chae, MD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

The MetroHealth System - Clinical Trials

Starting date: December 2007
Last updated: December 22, 2011

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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