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Safety and Efficacy of an Antibiotic Sponge in Diabetic Patients With a Mild Infection of a Foot Ulcer

Information source: Innocoll
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Diabetic Foot Ulcer

Intervention: gentamicin-collagen sponge (Drug); Levofloxacin (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Innocoll

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
David Prior, Study Director, Affiliation: Innocoll

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the gentamicin-collagen sponge when combined with standard of daily wound care is safe and effective in treating mildly infected skin ulcers compared to treatment with an oral antibiotic (levofloxacin) and standard daily wound care.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Study to Investigate the Safety and Efficacy of a Topical Gentamicin-Collagen Sponge Compared to Levofloxacin in Diabetic Patients With a Mild Infection of a Lower Extremity Skin Ulcer

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Percent of patients with a clinical outcome of "clinical cure" in each treatment group

Secondary outcome:

Percent of patients with a clinical outcome of "clinical cure" in each treatment group

Percent of patients with pathogen eradication in each treatment group

Reduction (absolute and percent decrease, compared to Baseline) in total wound surface area in each treatment group

Time to clinical cure

Time to pathogen eradication

Percent of patients with a clinical response, defined as those with a clinical outcome of "clinical cure" or "clinical improvement" in each treatment group

Detailed description: Infected skin ulcers in patients with diabetes can be very debilitating because they are difficult to heal. Diabetic ulcers are responsible for frequent health care visits, and are a major predictor of amputation. Diabetic ulcers can be caused by a patient's inability to sense pain or warmth as well as peripheral vascular disease, which causes diminished blood flow to the foot. Early aggressive treatment is necessary to treat infection and prevent the need for amputation. Gentamicin is an antibiotic that is effective in treating certain kinds of infection. Collagen is a protein that is found in all mammals. The gentamicin-collagen sponge is a thin flat sponge made out of collagen that comes from cow tendons and containing gentamicin. When applied to an open ulcer, the collagen breaks down and the gentamicin is released into the ulcer, but very little is absorbed into the blood stream. The high levels of gentamicin in the open infected ulcer may help treat the infection. In this study, all subjects will be given the necessary supplies and taught how to take care of their foot ulcer. Subjects who are randomly assigned to the gentamicin-collagen sponge treatment group will place a gentamicin-collagen sponge on their ulcer during daily wound care. Subjects who are randomly assigned to the oral levofloxacin treatment group will also perform daily wound care, but they will not be given the gentamicin-collagen sponge. Instead they will be given the antibiotic, levofloxacin to take by mouth during the treatment period.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 80 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Is a man or woman aged 18 to 80 years.

- Has diabetes mellitus, according to the American Diabetes Association criteria.

- Has a single infected skin ulcer below the knee, defined as "mild" by the Infectious

Disease Society of America (IDSA) Guidelines, for whom, in the Investigator's judgment, topical or oral antimicrobial therapy is appropriate (Mild infection severity: The presence of ≥ 2 manifestations of inflammation (purulence or erythema, pain, tenderness, warmth or induration) but any cellulitis/erythema extends ≤ 2 cm around the ulcer, and the infection is limited to the skin or superficial subcutaneous tissue, with no other local complications or acute, systemic illness).

- Has had an x-ray of the infected area within the 2 days immediately preceding or at

Visit 1 (Baseline/Randomization) that is negative for osteomyelitis.

- Meets the certain minimal laboratory criteria

- Has an ankle-brachial index (ABI) ≥ 0. 7 and ≤ 1. 3. (Note: Patients with ABI < 0. 7 or

> 1. 3 may be included if they have either a transcutaneous oxygen pressure or a toe pressure ≥ 40 mm Hg on the limb with the target ulcer.)

- If female, is nonpregnant (negative pregnancy tests at the Baseline/Randomization

Visit) and nonlactating.

- If female, is either not of childbearing potential (defined as postmenopausal for ≥ 1

year or surgically sterile [bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy]) or practicing 1 of the following medically-acceptable methods of birth control and agrees to continue with the regimen throughout the duration of the study:

- Oral, implantable or injectable contraceptives for 3 consecutive months before

the Baseline/Randomization Visit

- Total abstinence from sexual intercourse (≥ 1 complete menstrual cycle before

the Baseline/Randomization Visit)

- Intrauterine device (IUD)

- Double barrier method (condoms, sponge, diaphragm or vaginal ring with

spermicidal jellies or cream)

- Willing to return to the study facility for the Final Study Visit.

- Must be able to fluently speak and understand English and be able to provide

meaningful written informed consent for the study Exclusion Criteria:

- Has a known history of hypersensitivity to gentamicin (or other systemic

aminoglycosides) or levofloxacin or drugs in the same class, or any of the test article or reference product components.

- Has a known hypersensitivity to bovine collagen.

- Has any uncontrolled illnesses that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would

interfere with interpreting the results of the study.

- Has an infecting pathogen known to be intermediate or resistant in vitro to

levofloxacin. Patients enrolled into the study presumptively will be discontinued if their cultured organism is intermediate or resistant to levofloxacin.

- Has a target ulcer with a wound size > 5 × 5 cm.

- Has gangrenous tissue of the affected limb that cannot be removed with a single

debridement.

- Has a wound associated with prosthetic material or device.

- Received any topical or systemic antimicrobial therapy within the 2 weeks prior to

study entry (Visit 1 [Day 1]).

- Has documented osteomyelitis.

- If severely immunocompromised, may be excluded at the discretion of the Investigator.

- Has a history of alcohol or substance abuse in the past 12 months.

- Is undergoing dialysis (renal or peritoneal) or has history of kidney transplant.

- Has a history of myasthenia gravis or other neurological condition where gentamicin

use is contraindicated as determined by the Investigator.

- Has a history of epilepsy

- Has a history of tendon disorders related to fluoroquinolone administration

Locations and Contacts

Chesapeake Research Group LLC, Pasadena, Maryland 21122, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: December 2007
Last updated: March 22, 2012

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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