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Vancomycin Study: Treatment of Catheter Related Bloodstream Infection Caused by Coagulase Negative Staphylococcus

Information source: University of British Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Staphylococcal Infections

Intervention: Vancomycin (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of British Columbia

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Jane de Lemos, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of British Columbia

Summary

Patients admitted into the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) have an intravenous (IV) catheter (small plastic tube) placed in their vein. Very occasionally (4 times out of 100) the insertion of an intravenous catheter may cause an infection in the blood. It has been shown that the removal of the catheter and the insertion of a new one at a new site helps to get rid of this infection. Sometimes, antibiotics are also given. Vancomycin is the antibiotic given intravenously (into the vein) to treat these catheter-related infections. At Vancouver General Hospital, some physicians may not give any vancomycin at all whereas others may treat with intravenous (IV) vancomycin for one to fourteen days. Since there are a lack of data to support the length of IV vancomycin therapy, the investigators would like to find out if two days of IV vancomycin are as good as seven days. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine if two days of IV vancomycin are as good as seven days for the treatment of catheter-related infections in the blood.

Clinical Details

Official title: Treatment of Catheter Related Bloodstream Infection Caused by Coagulase Negative Staphylococcus; Removal of Catheter Followed by 2 Days Compared With 7 Days Intravenous Vancomycin

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

The primary outcome measurement will be the proportion of patients with early bacteriological failure

Early bacteriologic failure

Recovery in blood culture of an isolate with same antibiogram, biotype and PFGE type as the initial bacteria, from any blood culture, up to 9 days following IVD removal

Secondary outcome: The secondary endpoint will be the proportion of patients with clinical failure, late bacteriologic failure and recurrent bacteremia.

Detailed description: INTRODUCTION: Intravascular device associated bacteremia due to coagulase negative staphylococcus has become the most common nosocomial bacteremia. Despite its prevalence, no prospective study has investigated how these infections should be treated. Removal of the intravascular device is associated with a reduction in recurrence rate from 20% to 3% but the required duration of vancomycin therapy is not known. We propose to test the hypothesis that, following removal of the intravascular device, treatment with 2 days of vancomycin is equivalent to 7 days of vancomycin. INTERVENTION: Randomized double-blind equivalence trial to test the hypothesis that 2 days is equivalent to 7 days of vancomycin treatment for intravascular device associated bacteremia due to coagulase negative staphylococcus. The definitions for the surveillance of intravascular device associated bacteremia from the Laboratory Centre for Disease Control-Health Canada will be used. MEASUREMENTS: Surveillance blood cultures on days 4 and 9 following removal of intravascular device. Relatedness of strains will be determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE).

Eligibility

Minimum age: 16 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients admitted to the ICU who require treatment for suspected or documented

intravascular device associated (IVDA) bacteremia due to coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS). Suspected IVDA bacteremia due to CNS is defined as finding of gram positive cocci in blood in a patient with either an intravascular device (IVD) in situ or within 24 hours of catheter removal, with clinical signs of sepsis:

- two signs of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS): heart rate (HR) >

90, Temp > 38 or < 36, white blood cell (WBC) > 12 or < 4, respiratory rate (RR) > 20 or pCO2 < 32; and

- with no obvious source of bacteremia other than the IVD.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Underlying valvular heart disease

- Prosthetic valve or graft

- A history of infectious endocarditis

- Bone marrow transplant recipient

- Neutropenia (< 0. 5 X 10^9/L)

- Solid organ transplant recipient

- Known hypersensitivity to vancomycin

- Calculated creatinine clearance < 25 ml/min

Locations and Contacts

Vancouver General Hospital Intensive Care Unit, Vancouver, British Columbia V5Z 1M9, Canada
Additional Information

Starting date: September 2000
Last updated: June 18, 2008

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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