DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more



Iodine I 131 Tositumomab and Fludarabine Phosphate in Treating Older Patients Who Are Undergoing an Autologous or Syngeneic Stem Cell Transplant for Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Information source: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

Intervention: fludarabine phosphate (Drug); peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (Procedure); iodine I 131 tositumomab (Radiation); laboratory biomarker analysis (Other); flow cytometry (Other); polymerase chain reaction (Genetic)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Ajay Gopal, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium

Summary

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of fludarabine (fludarabine phosphate) when given together with iodine I 131 tositumomab in treating older patients who are undergoing an autologous or syngeneic stem cell transplant for relapsed or refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies, such as iodine I 131 tositumomab, can find cancer cells and carry cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fludarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. A peripheral stem cell transplant may be able to replace blood-forming cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Giving iodine I 131 tositumomab together with fludarabine followed by autologous stem cell transplant may be an effective treatment for NHL

Clinical Details

Official title: A Clinical Trial Evaluating I131-Tositumomab (Anti-CD20) With Escalating Doses of Fludarabine Followed by Autologous or Syngeneic Stem Cell Transplantation for Relapsed or Refractory B-cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma in Patients 60 Years of Age and Older

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Maximum tolerated dose/dose limiting toxicity

Secondary outcome:

Overall and progression-free survival rate

Response rate

Toxicity/tolerability of study regimen

Feasibility of concurrent high-dose radioimmunotherapy and chemotherapy

Detailed description: PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To estimate the maximally tolerated dose of fludarabine that can be combined with 131I-anti-CD20 (iodine I 131 tositumomab) delivering =< 27Gy to critical normal organs followed by autologous or syngeneic transplantation in patients >= 60 years of age with relapsed B-NHL. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To assess the overall and progression-free survival of the above regimen in such patients. II. To evaluate the response rates of the above therapy. III. To evaluate the toxicity and tolerability of the above therapy. IV. To evaluate the feasibility of delivering concurrent high-dose radioimmunotherapy (RIT) and chemotherapy. OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of fludarabine phosphate as used in combination with I 131 tositumomab and stem cell transplant. Patients receive a dosimetric dose of iodine I 131 tositumomab intravenously (IV) over 40-60

minutes on day - 24 followed by gamma camera imaging over the next 6 days. Patients then

receive a therapeutic dose of iodine I 131 tositumomab via central line over 40-60 minutes

on day - 14. Patients also receive fludarabine phosphate IV once daily (QD) on days -11 to -9

OR days - 11 or -7. Patients undergo autologous or syngeneic peripheral blood stem cell

transplantation on day 0. Patients with circulating lymphoma cells by peripheral smear receive tositumomab IV over 1 hour OR rituximab IV over 1 hour followed by tositumomab IV over 1 hour before the dosimetric iodine I 131 tositumomab infusion. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months and then annually thereafter.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 60 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must have a histologically confirmed diagnosis of lymphoma expressing the

CD20 antigen and generally must have failed at least one prior standard systemic therapy; the exception will be mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) patients, who may be enrolled while in first complete remission (CR) in accordance with current transplant standard of care for these patients

- Creatinine (Cr) < 2. 0

- Bilirubin < 1. 5 mg/dL, with the exception of patients thought to have Gilbert's

syndrome, whom may have a total bilirubin above 1. 5 mg/dL

- All patients eligible for therapeutic study must have (>= 2x10^6 CD34/kg) autologous

hematopoietic stem cells harvested and cryopreserved, or this number of cells harvested from a syngeneic donor

- Patients must have an expected survival of > 60 days and must be free of major

infection

- DONOR: Syngeneic donors must be confirmed syngeneic by ABO typing, human leukocyte

antigen (HLA) typing, and variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) analysis

- DONOR: Syngeneic donors must meet eligibility under Standard Practice

Guidelines/Standard Treatment Exclusion Criteria:

- Circulating anti-mouse antibody (HAMA) (to be determined before both dosimetry and

therapy)

- Systemic anti-lymphoma therapy given in the previous 30 days before the scheduled

therapy dose

- Inability to understand or give an informed consent

- Prior radiation > 20 Gy to any critical normal organ (e. g., lung, liver, spinal cord,

> 25% of red marrow)

- Central nervous system lymphoma

- Other serious medical conditions considered to represent contraindications to bone

marrow transplant (BMT) (e. g., abnormally decreased cardiac ejection fraction, diffusing capacity (DLCO) < 50% predicted, patient on supplemental oxygen, acquired Immunodeficiency syndrome [AIDS], etc.)

- Pregnancy

- Prior bone marrow or stem cell transplant

- South West Oncology Group (SWOG) performance status >= 2

- Unable to perform self-care during radiation isolation

- Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma/well

differentiated lymphocytic lymphoma

Locations and Contacts

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium, Seattle, Washington 98109, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: January 2005
Last updated: August 4, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017