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Brown Adipose Tissue Activity and Thyroid Hormone

Information source: Maastricht University Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Hypothyroidism; Hyperthyroidism; Obesity

Intervention: Levothyroxine therapy (137.75 ± 23.75 μg/day) (Other)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Maastricht University Medical Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Wouter van Marken Lichtenbelt, Professor, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Maastricht University Medical Center


Rationale: During the last decades, research in possible therapies for existing obesity and developmental factors causing obesity has explosively increased. Recently renewed interest aroused for a tissue playing a possible role in both development and therapy for obesity: brown adipose tissue (BAT). To define the relation between BAT and thyroid hormone, the investigators set up the following research protocol. In this protocol BAT activity will be determined in subjects that underwent thyroidectomy for well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Objective: To study the effect of thyroid hormone and thyroid-stimulating hormone on brown adipose tissue activity. Study design: Determine BAT activity after thyroidectomy in well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma patients. Study population: Patients that underwent thyroidectomy for well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma, male and female, aged 18-65 years. Intervention: FDG-PET-CT-imaging ([18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission-tomography computed-tomography) of BAT activity will be performed under cold stimulation twice. For patients clinically withdrawn from thyroid hormone suppletion, the first occasion will be in a hypothyroid state within 4-6 weeks after thyroidectomy and the second measurement will take place in a euthyroid state 4 months after the start of thyroid hormone treatment. For patients receiving recombinant-thyroid-stimulating-hormone injections, the first occasion will be shortly after the injection in a state of high thyroid-stimulating hormone levels. The second measurement will be in a euthyroid state 4 months after the injection. Main study parameters/endpoints: The main endpoint of this study is the effect of thyroid hormone and thyroid-stimulating hormone on BAT activity in kBq (kilobecquerel) and SUV (standard uptake value). Secondary endpoints are the effects of thyroid hormone and thyroid-stimulating hormone on energy metabolism, body core temperature, skin surface temperatures and skin perfusion. Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: The absorbed radiation dose from the FDG PET-CT scan after administration of 74 MBq (megabecquerel) of 18F-FDG is 2. 8 mSv (miliSievert).

Clinical Details

Official title: Brown Adipose Tissue Activity and Thyroid Hormone

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome: Cold-induced brown adipose tissue activity

Secondary outcome:

Energy expenditure

Body core temperature

Skin temperatures

Skin perfusion


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Male or postmenopausal females undergoing a total thyroidectomy for

well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma

- Age 18-65 years

- Stable physical activity levels for at least six months

- Note: In case of use of anticoagulation, the dose will be adjusted according to

plasma thyroid hormone values. Exclusion Criteria:

- Psychologically unstable subjects (as judged by the treating medical specialist)

- Subjects with mental retardation (as judged by the treating medical specialist)

- Subjects with severe behavior disorders (as judged by the treating medical


- Pregnant subjects

- The use of the following medication is an exclusion criterium; ß-blockers

- Participation in an intensive weight-loss program or vigorous exercise program during

the last year before the start of the study

- Abuse of drugs and/or alcohol

- Severe diabetes which requires application of insulin or patients with

diabetes-related complications

Locations and Contacts

Maastricht UMC, Maastricht, Limburg 6229HX, Netherlands
Additional Information

Related publications:

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Starting date: March 2012
Last updated: July 20, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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