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Fluvoxamine and Sertraline in Childhood Autism - Does SSRI Therapy Improve Behaviour and/or Mood?

Information source: The Hospital for Sick Children
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Autism

Intervention: fluvoxamine (Drug); sertraline (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: The Hospital for Sick Children

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Sunita Vohra, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Stollery Children's Hospital

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine if fluvoxamine or sertraline reduce the fequency or severity of aggressive behaviour, obsessive symptoms, or anxiety in young children with autism. The within-patient variability in this patient population using standard neuropsychological instruments will also be determined and a predictor model for SSRI responsitivity based on baseline neuropsychological testing will be developed.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial of Fluvoxamine and Sertraline in Childhood Autism - Does SSRI Therapy Improve Behaviour and/or Mood?

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: The severity of the autistic child's behaviour or condition (assessed by parents)

Secondary outcome:

Weight and vital signs

Blood count and liver function studies

Detailed description: Autism is a neuropsychiatric disorder diagnosed in early childhood. Approximately 10 Canadian children per 10 000 live births suffer from the disorder, which is three to four times more common in males than in females. It is characterized by social and and communicative deficits and restricted, repetitive interests and behaviours. Most autistic children are delayed in the acquisition of both verbal and non-verbal communication skills and many never develop useful language. Three-quarters of autistic children have mild to severe mental retardation and a quarter develop seizures during later childhood or adolescence. Its etiology is heterogenous and there is no cure. Although behaviour therapy is an important tool in management, pharmacotherapy remains a necessity for many children. Current therapy is limited to antipsychotic drugs that can carry an unacceptable risk of chronic neurotoxicity (tardive dyskinesia) or tricyclic antidepressants that have undesireble cardiovascular effects. This study proposes to evaluate the potential benefit of selective seratonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in autism. All autistic children whose symptoms are not currently well controlled will be offered entry into the trial. Each child will randomized to eight weeks of fluvooxamine, sertraline, or placebo. If they do not improve on their initial dose, they may have a dose increase and continue in the study for a further eight weeks. Due to the significant amount of within- and between- patient variability, multiple baseline evaluations will be completed prior to the initiation of drug therapy. Parents may choose to continue therapy that was effective for their child; if their child was randomized to placebo, parents may choose to try an SSRI for a period of 8 weeks to assess effectiveness.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 3 Years. Maximum age: 10 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- diagnosis of autism based on Autism Dignostic Interview -Revised and/or Autism

Diagnostic Observation Schedule, depending on which is appropriate for the child's chronological age

- ages 3-10 inclusive

- free of psychoactive medication for at least 3 months prior to entry into the trial

Exclusion Criteria:

- known contra-indications to SSRIs (i. e. hepatic dysfunction)

- Lactose intolerance

- concurrent psychotropic medications (SSRIs can interact with lithium, tricyclic

antidepressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, and benzodiazepines)

- taking warfarin (SSRIs can increase levels)

- Inability of parents to give informed consent, travel to the clinic visits,

administer study medication, or arrange for completion of rating scales by self/school staff

Locations and Contacts

The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Additional Information

Starting date: June 1999
Last updated: April 4, 2008

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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