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Non-Myeloablative Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation

Information source: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Lymphoma

Intervention: Cyclophosphamide (Drug); Fludarabine (Drug); Rituximab (Drug); Alemtuzumab (Drug); Allogeneic Stem Cell Infusion (Procedure)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Issa F. Khouri, MD, BS, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Summary

1. To determine the safety and efficacy of non-myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplantation using rituximab, cyclophosphamide, fludarabine as a preparative regimen for patients with advanced or recurrent mantle cell lymphoma. 2. To determine factors associated with response and durable remission in patients receiving rituximab, cyclophosphamide, and fludarabine in preparation for allogeneic stem cell transplantation.

Clinical Details

Official title: Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation With Rituximab Containing Nonablative Conditioning Regimen for Advanced/Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Overall Survival at 100 Days Post Transplant (Number of Surviving Participants)

Detailed description: MATCHED SIBLING TRANSPLANTS: If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be admitted to the hospital to receive treatment. Two (2) chemotherapy drugs, fludarabine and cyclophosphamide, will be given each day for 3 days. The drugs will be given one at a time in a vein. Each treatment will take about 30 minutes. Fludarabine will be given first, and cyclophosphamide will be given 4 hours later. You will receive rituximab once a week for 4 weeks by vein over 4-8 hours. The first dose will starts one week before starting the chemotherapy. Two days after finishing chemotherapy, you will receive a transplant of stem cells from a sibling. The stem cells will be infused into your vein. Seven days later, you will begin to receive a drug called granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). G-CSF helps the new stem cells do their normal work in the body;making new blood cells. You will receive G-CSF each day until your blood cell counts begin to recover to a certain level. Sometimes the donor cells cause inflammation of the skin, liver and gut, and a reaction called graft-versus-host disease occurs. The drugs tacrolimus and methotrexate will be given to help decrease the risk of this. These drugs are also given through a vein before and after transplant . Tacrolimus will be infused two days before transplant and will continue to be given daily as a continuous infusion. Methotrexate will be given through the vein as a short infusion on Days 1, 3, and 6 after the transplant. Tacrolimus also comes in pill form, and you may switch to the pills when ready. During your hospitalization, you will be examined daily, and blood (about 1 tablespoon) samples will be taken daily to evaluate your blood count levels, the function of your liver and kidneys, as well as electrolytes. This blood will also be used to measure tacrolimus levels and to look for any infections. You might be given blood transfusions if blood cell counts remain low. MATCHED UNRELATED OR MISMATCHED SIBLING TRANSPLANTS: Alemtuzumab is a drug that is designed to specifically attack some types of leukemia and lymphoma cells. In addition, it weakens the immune system, helping to prevent the rejection of donor marrow or stem cells. TBI is designed to damage the DNA (the genetic material of cells) of cancer cells, which may kill the cancer cells. Cyclophosphamide is designed to interfere with the multiplication of cancer cells, which may slow or stop their growth and spread throughout the body. This may cause the cancer cells to die. Fludarabine is designed to make cancer cells less able to repair damaged DNA. This may increase the likelihood of the cells dying. Rituximab is designed to attach to lymphoma cells, which may cause them to die. If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be admitted to the hospital for treatment. Alemtuzumab will be injected into your vein over a period of 4 hours. This will be done 3 days in a row (Days 1 to 3). Drugs diphenhydramine (Benadryl), solumedrol and acetaminophen (Tylenol) will be given in to decrease the risk of or ease side effects before each dose of the alemtuzumab. You will also receive fludarabine and cyclophosphamide once a day for 3 days. They will be given on the same days as alemtuzumab. Both drugs will be given through a catheter (plastic tube) that extends into the large chest vein. The catheter will be left in place throughout treatment on this study. Some participants, depending on their type of disease, will also receive rituximab. Rituximab will be given 8 days before the transplant and then once a week for a total of 4 doses. After completion of chemotherapy, you will receive TBI, and later on the same day, blood stem cells from a donor will be given through the catheter. G-CSF, a growth factor that promotes the production of blood cells, will be injected under the skin once a day until your blood cell counts recover to a certain level. Blood tests (about 2 tablespoons each) , urine tests, bone marrow aspirations, and x-rays will be done as needed to track the effects of the transplant. The blood tests will be drawn daily while in the hospital and then at least twice weekly as an outpatient for the first 100 days. The CT scans and bone marrow studies will be done at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months and then every 6 months for at least 3 years after transplant. You may also have transfusions of blood and platelets as needed. IMMUNOMODULATION POST NONABLATIVE STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION FOR PATIENTS WITH LYMPHOID MALIGNANCIES:

You will receive treatment as an outpatient. You will receive rituximab over 4 - 8 hours

through a vein once a week for 4 weeks. You will also get a boost of cells from the same donor from whom you received the original transplant. These additional cells will be

infused through the vein (over 30 - 60 minutes) between the second and the third dose of

rituximab. The infusion may have to be done later if cells were not available as scheduled. Sometimes the donor cells cause inflammation of the skin, liver and gut, and a reaction called graft-versus-host disease occurs. If this happens, the drug tacrolimus and methotrexate will be given to help control this reaction. These medications are usually given by pills on a daily basis. A boost with a higher number of cells may be infused once a month for 3 months if there is no graft-versus-host disease and if disease remains. During treatment, you will be examined as needed, and blood samples (1 tablespoon once or twice a week) will be taken for routine tests. You may need to receive blood transfusions during this study if your blood cell counts remain low. ****** About 40 patients will take part in this study, and all will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.

Eligibility

Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: 70 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Patients can be as old as 70 years. 2. They must have a diagnosis of MCL, either (1) Recurrent, (2) Newly diagnosed (after cytoreduction with conventional chemotherapy) but with high-risk features (blastic or blastoid features, leukemic phase, or elevated B^2 microglobulin (> 3). 3. Patients that have received prior conventional chemotherapy but have not achieved complete response (CR). 4. Disease must be chemosensitive, (ie, patients must not have had a partial response to prior therapy). 5. Patients whose disease failed to respond to a previous autologous transplantation may also be eligible. 6. Patients must have a matched or 1 antigen mismatched sibling or unrelated donor. 7. Point Scale (PS) 1. 6 mg/dl or serum bilirubin > 2. 0 mg/dl unless due to tumor

6. pulmonary function test - carbon monoxide diffusing capacity < 40%

7. cardiac ejection fraction < 40% of predicted levels (by multiple-gated acquisition or echocardiography). 8. Severe concomitant medical or psychiatric illness.

Locations and Contacts

UT MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, United States
Additional Information

UT MD Anderson Cancer Center website

Starting date: January 2005
Last updated: November 2, 2011

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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