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Effect of Tysabri in Patients With Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis: A Follow-up Magnetization Transfer Imaging (MTI) Study

Information source: University at Buffalo
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Multiple Sclerosis

Intervention: Tysabri (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University at Buffalo

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Robert Zivadinov, MD, PHd, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University at Buffalo

Summary

The primary objective of this study is to define the effect of Tysabri in patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis (MS) over 2 years. The investigators will also explore the extent of remyelination in MS patients treated with Tysabri over 2 years. A secondary objective of this study is to investigate differences in the capacity for remyelination between patients who do or do not respond to Tysabri monotherapy during the same 24 months. A tertiary objective of this study is to monitor Tysabri effect in MS antiphospholipid antibodies positive and MS antiphospholipid antibodies negative patients and to determine perfusion differences according to the antiphospholipid antibodies positivity status.

Clinical Details

Official title: Effect of Natalizumab (Tysabri«) on Remyelination in Patients With Relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis. A Follow-up Voxel-wise Magnetization Transfer Imaging Study.

Study design: Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective

Primary outcome: To define the effect of Tysabri monotherapy on a voxel-wise basis using magnetization transfer ratio dynamic mapping of the lesions and normal appearing brain tissue in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.

Secondary outcome: To investigate differences in the capacity for remyelination measured by MTR between patients who do or do not respond to Tysabri monotherapy.

Detailed description: Magnetization transfer imaging (MTI) is a widely used tool for characterizing the evolution of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions and normal appearing brain tissue (NABT). As remyelination and demyelination are heterogeneous in each lesion and NABT, techniques such as voxel-wise based MTR dynamic mapping may help predict an individual's clinical course, as well as the effect of treatment, by revealing evidence of myelin repair and neuroprotection. Natalizumab (Tysabri) showed a robust effect on the decrease of inflammation in phase II and III clinical trials, as evidenced by the decrease in Gd enhancing and T2 lesions and on the decrease of clinical activity as measured by reduction of clinical relapses and progression of disability. The effect of Tysabri on non-conventional measures is only partially known.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patient diagnosed with clinically definite MS according to the Polman criteria

- Age 18-65

- Have a RR disease course

- Have EDSS scores less than or equal to 5. 5 {Kurtzke, 1983 #15}

- Have disease duration less than 20 years

- Fulfilled the TOUCH enrollment requirements and started on Tysabri monotherapy

- Signed informed consent

- None of the exclusion criteria

Exclusion Criteria:

- Primary progressive, secondary progressive, or progressive relapsing MS. Primary

progressive, secondary progressive or progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis.

- A clinically significant infectious illness (e. g., cellulitis, abscess, pneumonia,

septicemia) within 30 days prior to drug start.

- History of, or abnormal laboratory results indicative of, any significant cardiac,

endocrinologic, hematologic, hepatic, immunologic, metabolic, urologic, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, dermatologic, psychiatric, renal, and/or other major disease that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude the administration of natalizumab for the duration of the study.

- History of severe allergic or anaphylactic reactions or known drug hypersensitivity.

- Abnormal blood tests, performed at the screening visit, which exceed any of the

limits defined below:

- ALT/ SGPT, or AST/ SGOT > three times the upper limit of normal (i. e., 3xULN).

- Total white blood cell (WBC) count <2,300/mm3.

- Platelet count <100,000/mm3.

- Creatinine > 2xULN.

- Prothrombin time (PT) > ULN.

- Any prior treatment during the 2 weeks prior to study screening with agents such as

IFN-╬▓, GA, IVIG, or on the following immunosuppressant therapies for less than 3 months: mitoxantrone, cyclophosphamide, cladribine, fludarabine, cyclosporine, azathioprine, methotrexate, Cellcept, etc.

- History of alcohol or drug abuse within 2 years prior to randomization.

- Female subjects who are not postmenopausal for at least 1 year, surgically sterile,

or willing to practice effective contraception (as defined by the investigator) during the study. The rhythm method is not to be used as the sole method of contraception.

- Nursing mothers, pregnant women, and women planning to become pregnant while on

study.

- Unwillingness or inability to comply with the requirements of this protocol including

the presence of any condition (physical, mental, or social) that is likely to affect the subject's ability to comply with the study protocol.

- Any other reasons that, in the opinion of the Investigator, indicate that the subject

is unsuitable for enrollment into this study.

Locations and Contacts

Jacobs Neurological Institute, Buffalo, New York 14203, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: November 2007
Last updated: September 6, 2011

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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