DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more



Magnetic Marker Monitoring of Furosemide-containing Gastroretentive Formulation in Healthy Male Subjects (Fasting and Fed Conditions)

Information source: LTS Lohmann Therapie-Systeme AG
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Gastroretentive Drug Formulation of Furosemide; Oedema

Intervention: GRDF furosemide (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: LTS Lohmann Therapie-Systeme AG

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Frank Donath, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: SocraTec R&D GmbH, Clinical Pharmacology Unit

Summary

Furosemide is a diuretic drug, used in the treatment of oedematous states associated with cardiac, renal, and hepatic disorder, and may be effective in patients unresponsive to thiazide diuretics. Furosemide is also used in the treatment of hypertension. Absorption of furosemide from the gastrointestinal tract is fairly rapid; bioavailability is 60-70%, but variable and not predictable, with large intra- and inter-individual variability, and are influenced by dosage form, underlying diseases, and by the presence of food after oral administration. Data from animal model show that furosemide administered into the stomach is more rapidly absorbed than if is administered into the small intestine. To increase the residency of furosemide in the stomach after oral administration, a gastroretentive dosage form (GRDF) of furosemide has been developed. In the current study, the new formulation (30mg furosemide coated tablet) will be tested in healthy male

subjects. Absorption will be characterised by an effective and safe imaging technique -

Magnetic Marker Monitoring (MMM), based on Fe3O4 added to the drug product to generate magnetic signal that can be used for up to 12 h after furosemide administration to localize the medication in the gastrointestinal tract. Fe3O4 is frequently used as colouring pigment in medicinal products. It does not exhibit own pharmacodynamic activity and is considered as an inactive ingredient. In the current study, GRDF formulation of furosemide will be evaluated for: gastric residence as well as pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics under fasting and fed conditions. As part of the study, the subjects will be hospitalized for 1 day during each drug administration. The duration of the stay will depend on the intestinal behaviour of the investigational product.

Clinical Details

Official title: Characterisation of Gastric Residence of a Furosemide-containing New Gastric Retention System by Means of MMM Measurement and Determination of Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics and Safety

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Residency time of GRDF furosemide in the gastrointestinal tract, evaluated with MMM technique, under fasted and fed conditions.

Secondary outcome:

Cmax of GRDF furosemide under fasted conditions

Cmax of GRDF furosemide under fed conditions

tmax of GRDF furosemide under fasted conditions

tmax of GRDF furosemide under fed conditions

t1/2 of GRDF furosemide under fasted conditions

t1/2 of GRDF furosemide under fed conditions

AUC0-tlast of GRDF furosemide under fasted conditions

AUC0-tlast of GRDF furosemide under fed conditions

AUC 0-infinity of GRDF furosemide under fasted conditions

AUC 0-infinity of GRDF furosemide under fed conditions

AUCextrapol of GRDF furosemide under fasted conditions

AUCextrapol of GRDF furosemide under fed conditions

CL_f of GRDF furosemide under fasted conditions

CL_f of GRDF furosemide under fed conditions

Vdz of GRDF furosemide under fasted conditions

Vdz of GRDF furosemide under fed conditions

Sodium excretion over time under fasted conditions

Sodium excretion over time under fed conditions

Urine excretion over time under fasted conditions

Urine excretion over time under fed conditions

Detailed description: Furosemide is a diuretic drug, widely used in the treatment of oedematous states associated with cardiac, renal, and hepatic disorder, and may be effective in patients unresponsive to thiazide diuretics. Furosemide is also used in the treatment of hypertension. Absorption of furosemide from the gastrointestinal tract is fairly rapid. Bioavailability is reported as 60-70%, but is variable and not predictable. The rate and extent of absorption show a large intra- and inter-individual variability and are influenced by dosage form, underlying diseases, and by the presence of food after oral administration. Results obtained with an animal model indicate that furosemide administered into the stomach is more rapidly absorbed than if is is administered into the small intestine. To increase the residency of furosemide in the stomach after oral administration, a gastroretentive dosage form (GRDF) of furosemide has been developed. In this study, the new formulation(30mg furosemide coated tablet) will be tested in healthy male subjects.

Absorption will be characterised by imaging technique - Magnetic Marker Monitoring (MMM),

which is the most effective and safe imaging technique currently available. MMM is based on a iron-III-oxide (Fe3O4) added to the drug product to generate magnetic signal that can be used to localize the administered medication in the gastrointestinal tract. Fe3O4 is frequently used as colouring pigment in medicinal products. It does not exhibit own pharmacodynamic activity and thus, it is considered as clinically inactive ingredient. Fe3O4 exhibits a dipole moment and thus, after magnetisation of solid oral dosage forms containing homogenously distributed Fe3O4, the product generates a magnetic signal, which can be used for localisation of the dosage form in the gastrointestinal tract by Magnetic Marker Monitoring technique. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the GRDF formulation of furosemide for: gastric residence, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics under fasting and fed conditions. As part of the study, the subjects will be hospitalized for 1 day during each drug administration (i. e. a total of two days). The duration of the stay will depend on the intestinal behaviour of the investigational product. The MMM monitoring be performed for up to 12 h after furosemide administration. For pharmacokinetic determinations, liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) will be used to analyze furosemide in plasma.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 55 Years. Gender(s): Male.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. sex: male 2. ethnic origin: Caucasian 3. age: 18 years to 55 years 4. body-mass index (BMI): > or = 19 kg/m² and < or = 27 kg/m² 5. good state of health 6. non-smoker or ex-smoker for at least 1 month 7. written informed consent, after having been informed about benefits and potential risks of the clinical trial, as well as details of the insurance taken out to cover the subjects participating in the clinical trial Exclusion Criteria: 1. existing cardiac and/or haematological diseases or pathological findings, which might interfere with the safety or tolerability of the active ingredient 2. existing hepatic and/or renal diseases or pathological findings, which might interfere with the safety or tolerability of the active ingredient 3. existing gastrointestinal diseases or pathological findings, which might interfere with the safety and tolerability or with gastric emptying and the gastrointestinal transport (e. g. inflammatory bowel diseases, ileus) 4. history of relevant central nervous system (CNS) and/or psychiatric disorders and/or currently treated CNS and/or psychiatric disorders 5. any surgery at the gastrointestinal tract, which might interfere with the safety of the test product or any stomach reduction like Bioenterics Intragastric Balloon (BIB) or gastric banding 6. known allergic reactions to the active ingredients used or to constituents of the pharmaceutical preparations 7. known allergic reactions to sulphonamide 8. subjects with severe allergies or multiple drug allergies unless it is judged as not relevant for the clinical trial by the investigator 9. heart rate < 50 bpm or > 90 bpm 10. systolic blood pressure of < 100 mmHg and > 140 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure of < 60 mmHg and >90 mmHg 11. laboratory values, especially for sodium, potassium, calcium, creatinine, urea, uric acid, and blood glucose out of normal range unless the deviation from normal is judged as not relevant for the clinical trial by the investigator 12. positive anti-human immunodeficiency virus-test (if positive to be verified by western blot), surface antigen of the hepatitis B virus (HBs-AG)test [if positive to be verified by test for hepatitis B Core (HBc-IgM)] or anti-hepatitis C virus-test 13. renal failure with anuria 14. coma and praecoma hepatica 15. severe hypokalemia and/or hyponatremia 16. hypovolemia or dehydration 17. subjects with manifest or latent diabetes mellitus or gout 18. subjects with cerebrovascular insufficiency or coronary heart disease 19. subjects with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) e. g. prostatic hypertrophy, hydronephrosis or ureteral stenosis 20. hypoproteinemia 21. liver cirrhosis and simultaneous limitation of kidney function 22. acute or chronic diseases which could affect gastric emptying and the gastrointestinal transport 23. history of or current drug or alcohol dependence 24. positive alcohol or drug test at screening examination 25. regular intake of alcoholic food or beverages of ≥ 40 g pure ethanol for male per day 26. subjects who are on a diet which could affect gastric emptying and the gastro-intestinal transport 27. regular intake of caffeine containing food or beverages of ≥ 500 mg caffeine per day 28. subjects with claustrophobia 29. ferromagnetic implants or any other magnetic disturbance, which can affect the Magnetic Marker Monitoring measurement 30. blood donation or other blood loss of more than 400 ml within the last two months prior to individual enrolment of the subject 31. participation in a clinical trial during the last two months prior to individual enrolment of the subject 32. regular treatment with any systemically available medication including all ototoxic medication like aminoglycosides and medication which could affect gastric emptying and the gastrointestinal transport (e. g. laxatives, metoclopramide, loperamide, antacids, H2-receptor antagonists) or antibiotics 33. subjects, who report a frequent occurrence of migraine attacks 34. subjects suspected or known not to follow instructions 35. subjects who are unable to understand the written and verbal instructions, in particular regarding the risks and inconveniences they will be exposed to during their participation in the clinical trial 36. subjects who have forfeited their own freedom by administrative or legal award, or who are under guardianship or have been admitted in a sanitary or social institution

Locations and Contacts

SocraTec R&D GmbH Clinical Pharmacology Unit, Berlin 10578, Germany
Additional Information

Starting date: June 2013
Last updated: December 11, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017