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Phase 3 Study to Evaluate WR 279,396 vs. Paromomycin Alone to Treat Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (in Tunisia)

Information source: U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

Intervention: WR 279,396 topical cream (Drug); Paromomycin Alone topical cream (Drug); Vehicle placebo cream (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Afif Ben Salah, M.D., Ph.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Institute Pasteur Tunisia


This study will test the ability of the topical cream WR 279,396 to treat the skin lesions caused by the parasite called leishmania. WR 279,396 is an antibiotic preparation that contains paromomycin + gentamicin. This cream will be compared to the effect of a topical cream containing paromomycin alone and to a placebo cream that contains no antibiotics. Therefore, this study will have three groups of patients, and they will be assigned to one of these treatments randomly. The study will be carried out without the patient or the physician knowing which cream is being used for which patient. The goal is to determine if WR 279,396 cream or the paromomycin cream is better than placebo, and if WR 279,396 is better than paromomycin alone.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Pivotal, Randomized, Double-blind, Vehicle-controlled Study to Evaluate WR 279,396 and Paromomycin Alone to Treat Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (in Tunisia)

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Final Clinical Cure Rate

Secondary outcome:

Final Clinical Cure Rate (Per Protocol Dataset)

Estimated Percentage Subjects With Re-epithelialization of the Index Lesion Without Relapse

Estimated Percentage of Subjects With Re-epithelialization of the Index Lesion Without Relapse at Various Times of Follow-up

Estimated Percentage of All Treated Ulcerated Lesions Without Relapse at Day 42

Estimated Percentage of All Treated Ulcerated Lesions Without Relapse at Day 49

Estimated Percentage of All Treated Ulcerated Lesions Without Relapse at Day 98

Number of Subjects Achieving Initial Clinical Improvement of the Index Lesion

Number of Subjects Achieving Re-epithelialization of the Index Lesion Without Relapse

Number of Subjects Achieving Re-epithelialization of All Treated Ulcerated Lesions Without Subsequent Relapse

Number of All Ulcerated Lesions Achieving 100% Re-epithelialization by Day 42

Number of Subjects With a Relapse on or After Day 42

Detailed description: This is an efficacy study to test the ability of WR 279,396 topical cream to treat uncomplicated cutaneous leishmaniasis caused primarily by Leishmania major in adults and children in Tunisia where the disease in endemic. A total of 375 volunteers will be randomized to the three arms described above to determine product efficacy. Safety data in all three arms will also be collected.


Minimum age: 5 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- The subject was age 5 years or older, but less than 65 years.

- The subject was able to understand the information provided to him/her and give

written informed consent. Consent was obtained from the parent/guardian of subjects who were < 18 years old. Children 12 to < 18 years old were asked to sign the written assent form. Witnessed verbal assent was obtained from subjects 5 to 11 years old.

- The subject was a male or female who was generally healthy.

- The subject had cutaneous lesions diagnosed as leishmaniasis in the index lesion by:

(1) the identification of promastigotes in a culture of an aspirated lesion, or (2) the microscopic identification of Leishmania amastigotes on a DifQuik or Giemsa stained smear obtained from a lesion scraping.

- The subject had five or fewer cutaneous lesions.

- The subject had one lesion, which would be designated as the index lesion, that was ≥

1 and < 5 cm in its greatest diameter and primarily ulcerative, ie, not purely verrucous or nodular.

- The subject was willing to forego other forms of treatment for CL, including other

investigational treatment during the study.

- In the opinion of the principal investigator, the subject or subject's

parent/guardian was capable of understanding and complying with the protocol Exclusion Criteria

- The subject received previous treatment for leishmaniasis (including WR 279,396)

within the last 6-months, with the exception of mercurochrome.

- The subject had difficulty complying with instructions on maintaining the dressing,

eg, due to life style activities or age.

- The subject had only a single lesion whose characteristics included any of the

following: verrucous or nodular lesion, ≥ 5 cm in its greatest diameter, < 1 cm or located on the ear, or other location that in the opinion of the principal investigator would be difficult to maintain application of study drug topically.

- The subject had a lesion due to Leishmania that involved the mucosa.

- The subject had signs or symptoms of disseminated disease, ie, clinically significant

lymphadenitis with nodules that were painful and > 1 cm in the lymphatic drainage of the ulcer.

- The subject was a female with a positive urine pregnancy test, or who was breast

feeding or lactating.

- The subject had an active malignancy or had a history of a solid, metastatic or

hematologic malignancy, with the exception of a basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that had been removed.

- The subject had a significant organ abnormality or chronic disease that, in the

opinion of the investigator, would warrant exclusion of the subject from the study or would prevent the subject from completing the study.

- The subject was receiving any of the following medications: any medication containing

pentavalent antimony, including stibogluconate sodium (Pentostam®) and meglumine antimoniate (Glucantime®); amphotericin B, including liposomal amphotericin B and amphotericin B deoxycholate; other medications containing paromomycin (administered IV or topically); methylbenzethonium chloride, fluconazole, ketoconazole, itraconazole; pentamidine; or allopurinol.

- The subject or the subject's parent/guardian was unable to understand verbal and/or

written Arabic, English, or French (languages in which certified translations of the informed consent were available).

- The subject presented with an immuno-compromising condition, including recidivant

leishmaniasis (during the past 2 years), or diabetes.

- The subject had a history of known or suspected idiosyncratic reactions or

hypersensitivity to aminoglycosides.

Locations and Contacts

Central Clinic-Sidi Bouzid, Tunis, Tunisia
Additional Information

Starting date: January 2008
Last updated: June 11, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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