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Effect of Timing on Efficacy of Morphine Analgesia After 2-chloroprocaine Anesthesia

Information source: Northwestern University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Labor; Analgesia, Epidural

Intervention: Morphine-CP-saline (MCS) (Drug); saline-2CP-morphine (SCM) (Drug); saline-lidocaine-morphine (SLM) (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Northwestern University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Cynthia A Wong, M.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Northwestern University


Epidural chloroprocaine is often used in obstetrical anesthesia because of its fast onset and short duration. These properties make it an ideal drug to use for epidural anesthesia in patients undergoing postpartum tubal ligation. When epidural morphine is given after chloroprocaine, there is a decreased efficacy of analgesia as compared to lidocaine (1). Several studies have hypothesized a specific opioid receptor mediated antagonism of chloroprocaine (2,3). Karambelkar raised the question whether this decreased efficacy is due to a disparity between the time the chloroprocaine anesthesia resolves and the onset of epidural morphine analgesia, resulting in a time window of pain (2). The duration of action of epidural 2-CP anesthesia is 30-45 minutes and the onset of epidural morphine analgesia is 60-70 minutes, therefore the regression of sensory blockade before the onset of the morphine analgesia could result in a window of pain (2). Hess and colleagues studied epidural morphine analgesia and women who had a Cesarean delivery under spinal bupivacaine anesthesia (3). Subjects were randomized to receive epidural 2-CP and morphine or epidural saline and morphine. There was no difference in postoperative analgesia between the two groups (3 and personal communication, Dr. Philip Hess). A literature search cross referencing epidural chloroprocaine, using Pub Med, did not produce any articles comparing epidural morphine given before the procedure (in an attempt to time the onset of analgesia with the resolution of chloroprocaine anesthesia) to the standard administration time after the procedure.

Clinical Details

Official title: Interaction Between Epidural 2-chloroprocaine and Epidural Morphine: Effect of Timing on Efficacy of Morphine Analgesia After 2-chloroprocaine Anesthesia

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Duration of Continuing Analgesia

Supplemental Analgesia in First 90 Minutes

Secondary outcome:

Verbal Rating Score (0 to 10) for Pain (VRPS)

Supplemental Analgesia in First 48 Hours

Detailed description: Women undergoing post partum tubal ligation with an epidural in-situ will be randomly double blindedly selected into one of three groups for pain control. The groups are epidural 1) epidural morphine-chloroprocaine 2) epidural chloroprocaine-morphine 3) epidural morphine-lidocaine. Groups 1 and 3 will receive morphine 30 minutes prior to local anesthetic dosing followed by saline placebo after local dosing. Group 2 will receive placebo 30 minutes prior to local anesthetic dosing followed by epidural morphine. Pain scores and supplemental analgesic requirements will be evaluated 30 minutes, 1hr, 2hr, 4hr and every 4 hrs for the first 24hrs.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 60 Years. Gender(s): Female.


Inclusion Criteria:

- All patients with an epidural catheter in situ for labor analgesia, status post a

vaginal delivery, and scheduled for a postpartum tubal ligation under epidural anesthesia will be eligible Exclusion Criteria:

- Allergy/hypersensitivity to morphine

- Allergy/hypersensitivity to ester-linked local anesthetics or para-amino benzoic acid


- Body Mass Index >40 kg/m2

- Patients using chronic opioids

- History of obstructive sleep apnea

- Any contraindication to epidural anesthesia

Locations and Contacts

Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, United States
Additional Information

Related publications:

Eisenach JC, Schlairet TJ, Dobson CE 2nd, Hood DH. Effect of prior anesthetic solution on epidural morphine analgesia. Anesth Analg. 1991 Aug;73(2):119-23.

Karambelkar DJ, Ramanathan S. 2-Chloroprocaine antagonism of epidural morphine analgesia. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1997 Jun;41(6):774-8.

Camann WR, Hartigan PM, Gilbertson LI, Johnson MD, Datta S. Chloroprocaine antagonism of epidural opioid analgesia: a receptor-specific phenomenon? Anesthesiology. 1990 Nov;73(5):860-3.

Starting date: August 2004
Last updated: March 17, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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