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A Study of Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin as Luteal Phase Support in Frozen Embryo Transfer

Information source: The University of Hong Kong
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Subfertility

Intervention: Human chorionic gonadotrophin (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: The University of Hong Kong

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Vivian Chi Yan Lee, MBBS, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: HKU / QMH

Overall contact:
Vivian Chi Yan Lee, MBBS, Phone: 852-22553400


A randomised trial on the use of luteal phase support in frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles. The hypothesis of the study is that the use of luteal phase support with human chorionic gonadotrophin would increase the pregnancy rate in frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Randomized Controlled Comparison of Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin as Luteal Phase Support in Frozen-thawed Embryo Transfer Cycles

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: ongoing pregnancy rate

Secondary outcome: Rate of pregnancy loss per number of transfer cycles

Detailed description: Trial design:

- A total of 450 women undergoing FET in the Centre of Assisted Reproduction and Embryology,

The University of Hong Kong-Queen Mary Hospital, will be recruited. They will be randomized into one of the following two groups by computer-generated random numbers: Group I: luteal phase support using HCG 1500 IU intramuscular injection will be given on the day of FET and 6 days later. Group II: normal saline (placebo) intramuscular injection will be given on the day of FET and 6 days later. Treatment: Ovarian stimulation protocol: All women received ovarian stimulation according to the standard protocol of the Centre. HCG is given intramuscularly when the leading follicle reaches 18 mm in mean diameter. Oocyte retrieval is carried out 36 hours after the HCG trigger. A maximum of two embryos will transferred and any excess good quality embryos will be frozen two days after the retrieval. FET cycle: FET is carried out at least 2 month after the stimulated cycle if the patient fails to get pregnant in the stimulated IVF cycle and there is at least one frozen embryo. Frozen embryos after thawing are transferred in natural cycles for those women having regular ovulatory cycles, during which the patient is monitored daily for serum estradiol ad luteinising hormone levels from 18 days before the expected date of the next period. The transfer is performed by the team clinician on the third day after the luteinising hormone surge and a maximum of two normally cleaving embryos are replaced according to our standard protocol. The luteal phase is supported as per randomization arm. Before the embryo transfer, the patient is interviewed by a designated research nurse who will explain the purpose of this study. Patients consenting to take part in the study will be assigned into one of the two study arms specified in an opaque envelope according to a computer-generated randomization list. The envelope will be read and injection (HCG or placebo as normal saline) given by a service nurse not involved in the study. Blood will be taken on day 6 after FET before the patient receives the second dose of HCG or placebo. A urine pregnancy test will be performed 16 days after the FET. In case of pregnancy, the outcome of pregnancy will be traced afterwards and used for analysis. Luteal phase support is not continued in those who get pregnant.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 45 Years. Gender(s): Female.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Normal uterine cavity shown on pelvic scanning during the stimulated IVF cycle

- Endometrial thickness >=8mm in FET cycles

Exclusion Criteria:

- Subjects requiring clomid-induced cycles and hormonal replacement (HRT) cycles

- History of previous FET cycles within the study period

- Blastocyst transfer

- Use of donor oocytes

- Presence of hydrosalpinx not corrected surgically prior to FET

- Refusal to join the study

Locations and Contacts

Vivian Chi Yan Lee, MBBS, Phone: 852-22553400

The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong; Recruiting
Vivian Chi Yan Lee, MBBS, Phone: 852-22553400
Vivian Chi Yan Lee, MBBS, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: July 2012
Last updated: May 27, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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