DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Remifentanil Only vs. Midazolam and Meperidine During Elective Colonoscopy

Information source: Konkuk University Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Diagnostic Colonoscopy Screening

Intervention: Remifentanil (Drug); Midazolam (Drug); Meperidine (Drug); placebo (for remifentanil) (Drug); placebo (for midazolam) (Drug); placebo (for meperidine) (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Konkuk University Medical Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Tae-Yop Kim, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Konkuk University


The aim of the present study is to compare patient's recovery times after elective colonoscopy employing remifentanil only vs conventional combination of midazolam and meperidine

Clinical Details

Official title: Remifentanil Only vs. Combination Group Midazolam + Meperidine During Elective Colonoscopy

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: The Recovery Time

Secondary outcome:

Participants Assumed to Feel Frequent Pain

Bispectra Lindex Score

Patient's Distress Score

Endoscopist Satisfaction

Indigence of Patient's Recall

Detailed description: A regimen with combined administration of midazolam and meperidine has been widely used and provides quite satisfactory sedation as well as analgesia during colonoscopy. However, the relatively long duration of midazolam and meperidine often prolongs the recovery time after colonoscopy and delays discharge time. (Reimann FM , Samson U , Derad I et al. Synergistic sedation with low-dose midazolam and propofol for colonoscopies . Endoscopy 2000 ; 32 : 239

- 44).

Remifentanil, an ultra-short-acting opioid, provides excellent pain control during colonoscopy and its rapid onset and offset times are advantages over other conventional opioids including meperidine, in avoiding prolonged discharge time after the colonoscopy. A total 54 patients, aged 18-65 years in American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status (ASA PS)1 and 2, scheduled for elective colonoscopy under Monitored Anesthesia Care in a University Hospital, will be recruited after obtaining written informed consent during the patients' first visit to outpatient/inpatient clinic for interview. Predetermined patient identification numbers (PIN) and enrolment order were placed in sealed envelopes, and all patients were randomly assigned, at recruitment, to the midazolam-meperidine combination (group-MM) or remifentanil alone (group-R). If a patient was excluded during the study, the following patient assumed the status of the excluded patient. Patients are allocated into one of two groups, Group 1 and Group 2 (27 patients each) according to the PIN at the recruitment. The exclusion criteria were as follows: refusal or inability to provide written informed consent, age <19 years, pregnancy, previous history of large bowel surgery, a psychiatric disorder, an addictions to opiates or sedatives, a previous history of adverse events to any drug used in the present study, and performance of any additional diagnostic procedure after completion of colonoscopy. All colonoscopic procedure is going to be performed by one Gastroenterologist (endoscopist). On arriving in the endoscopy room, supplemental oxygen (2 L/min) was given through the mouth and both nostrils via a specially designed nasal prong which could monitor the end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2) level. Before drug administration, the basal values of mean blood pressure (MBP), heart rate (HR), peripheral O2 saturation (SpO2), respiratory rate (RR), end-expiratory CO2 level (ETCO2), and the bispectral index (BIS), were recorded by a single observer, who also monitored these values every 5 min during entire colonoscopy procedures. Supplemental oxygen (3 L/min) is given through nasal prong with capnography transducer in all patients. Two min before the colonoscopy procedure, a bolus midazolam of 0. 03 mg/kg with a bolus meperidine of 1. 0 mg/kg are given intravenously over 60 sec in Group 1 or those of comparable amount of diluted remifentanil 0. 4 mcg/kg are given in Group 2 at the colonoscopy room, and a continuous infusion of diluted remifentanil of 0. 04 mcg/kg/min is followed in Group 2 or that of comparable amount of normal saline (placebo) is followed in Group 1. The patients are asked to rate the degree of pain and distress (reverse satisfaction) by a 100 mm Visual analogue scale (VAS; 0 = minimum, 100 = maximum) just after passing the scope, during the scope, just after the completion of the colonoscopy and at the discharge from the recovery unit. After colonoscopy, the patients are transferred to the recovery unit and evaluated every 5 min until ready for discharge from the 30 min stay in the recovery unit. The patients are considered recovered if when they achieved an Aldrete score of 10 (Aldrete

JA , Kroulik D . A postanesthetic recovery score. Anesth Analg 1970; 49: 924 - 34), have

stable vital signs, are able to tolerate oral fluids, have no nausea, vomiting, or itching, and can walk unaided. Assessment of readiness to ambulate is made by a blinded observer who remained with the patient for the duration of recovery unit stay. The observer is instructed that the patients are required to walk as if they were leaving the recovery unit unescorted. Aldrete score, patient pain and satisfaction (distress score) were determined every 5 min during colonoscopy and after colonoscopy up to 30 min. Time for achieving Aldrete score 10, patient's degree of pain, patient's satisfaction during and after colonoscopy, patient's ability to recall the explanations and instructions given during and before colonoscopy are determined and compared. Aldrete score Respiration: Able to take deep breath and cough = 2, Dyspnea/shallow breathing = 1, Apnea = 0 O2 saturation: Maintains > 92% on room air =2, Needs O2 inhalation to maintain O2 saturation > 90% =1 , O2 saturation < 90% even with supplemental oxygen =0 Consciousness: Fully awake= 2, Arousable on calling = 1, Not responding = 0 Circulation: BP +/- 20 mm Hg preop =2, BP +/- 20-50 mm Hg preop =1, BP +/- 50 mm Hg preop =0 Activity: Able to move 4 extremities = 2, Able to move 2 extremities = 1, Able to move 0 extremities = 0


Minimum age: 19 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Aged 19-65 years

- American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status (ASA PS) 1-2

- Patients scheduled for elective colonoscopy under Monitored Anesthesia Care in a

University Hospital

- Patients who signed on written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

- The exclusion criteria are refusal or inability to provide written informed consent

- Age < 18 years

- Pregnancy

- Previous large bowel surgery

- Psychiatric disorders

- History of addiction to opiates and / or sedatives, and previous adverse reaction to

any drug used in the study.

Locations and Contacts

Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul 143-729, Korea, Republic of
Additional Information

Starting date: December 2012
Last updated: May 16, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017