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Attenuation of Corticosteroid Induced Hippocampal Changes

Information source: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Organic Memory Impairment

Intervention: Memantine (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Sherwood Brown, PhD, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: UT Southwestern Medical Center

Overall contact:
Kendra Malone, MPH, CPH, Phone: 214-645-6967, Email: kendra.malone@utsouthwestern.edu


The purpose of the study is to determine if an investigational drug called memantine,used here as add-on therapy, is associated with improvements in memory, mood and asthma symptoms. We will also examine changes in the brain by taking images or pictures using an MRI/MRS.

Clinical Details

Official title: Attenuation of Corticosteroid Induced Hippocampal Changes

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R)

Detailed description: A total of 50 outpatients receiving chronic oral corticosteroid therapy will be enrolled in a 52-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of memantine. Participant will receive either memantine or a placebo for 24 weeks. They have an equal chance of receiving memantine or placebo. After 24 weeks they will discontinue all study medication for 4 weeks. This process will be repeated one additional time in the study and the participant will crossed-over to either memantine or placebo, whichever the participant did not receive before, so they will have taken both placebo and memantine during one of these courses. Randomization will be stratified by prednisone dose of < 20 mg/day vs. ≥ 20 mg/day. Memantine or placebo starting at 5 milligrams once a day, increased to 5 milligrams twice a day (10 total) at week 2, 15 milligrams total at week 3, and 20 milligrams total from weeks 4-24 unless side effects require the study doctor to increase the initial doses slower than described above or reduce the dose. This same process will be repeated at week 28 after the participant have been completely off of study medication for 4 weeks. Structural MRI and 1HMRS will be obtained at baseline and weeks 24 and 52 (after memantine and placebo). The clinician version of the structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) is a brief structured interview for major Axis I disorders in DSM-IV including major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, bipolar disorders, psychotic disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, and alcohol and substance abuse/dependence. This will be given at baseline to screen for illnesses with CNS involvement or cognitive impairment. Blood draws will be performed at baseline to assess insulin and fasting glucose levels. Each participant will then return for follow-up appointments as scheduled and repeat outcome measures. Pill counts will be conducted, and a list of current medications and doses will be obtained at each visit. Participants will be compensated and receive bus passes at each appointment, plus a monetary incentive for compliance. Participants will be evaluated by both the RA and PI at each follow-up appointment. The HVLT-R will be given at baseline, and weeks 12, 24, 28, 40, and 52; this will be the primary outcome measure. Other cognitive assessments will be performed at these same visits as well.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Diagnosis of any chronic medical condition requiring treatment with oral

corticosteroids confirmed by chart review and/or patient assessment by Dr. Khan (co-I).

- Receiving prednisone therapy of at least 5 mg of prednisone/day for at least 6 months

with anticipated treatment for ≥ 12 additional months.

- Age 18-65 years.

- Baseline CVLT-II total T score ≤ 54.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Illnesses associated with CNS involvement (e. g., seizures, brain tumors, head injury

with loss of consciousness) or cognitive impairment (e. g., substance dependence within the past 2 years, bipolar disorder) Potential participants with mood symptoms secondary to corticosteroids (based on SCID) will not be excluded because this could selectively exclude subjects who are sensitive to the CNS effects of corticosteroids.

- Vulnerable populations (e. g. severe cognitive impairment, pregnant or nursing women,


- Severe or life-threatening medical illness that would make completion of study


- Contraindications to memantine therapy (e. g. severe side effects in the past)

- Danger to self or others as defined by > 1 lifetime suicide attempt or assault, any

suicide attempt or assault within the past year, and active suicidal or homicidal ideation with plan and intent.

- Metal implants, claustrophobia, or other contraindications to MRI

Locations and Contacts

Kendra Malone, MPH, CPH, Phone: 214-645-6967, Email: kendra.malone@utsouthwestern.edu

Aston Ambulatory Care Center, Allergy and Immunology, Dallas, Texas 75390-8872, United States; Recruiting
David Khan, MD, Phone: 214-645-2866, Email: dave.khan@utsouthwestern.edu
Additional Information

Starting date: January 2012
Last updated: May 5, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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