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Study of the Effectiveness of Cevimeline on Oral Health in Patients With Radiation Induced Xerostomia

Information source: American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Xerostomia

Intervention: Cevimeline (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
David Witsell, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Duke University


The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of cevimeline (versus placebo) on the oral health of patients who have dry mouth which was caused by radiation therapy that was given for treatment of head and/or neck cancer.

Clinical Details

Official title: An Investigator-Initiated,Multicenter,Randomized,Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Design Study to Assess the Effectiveness of CeviMeline to Improve OraL Health in Patients With XErostomia Secondary to Radiation Therapy for Treatment of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: To assess the impact of increased salivary flow due to treatment with cevimeline compared to placebo in patient reported oral health using the OHIP-49

Secondary outcome:

To evaluate if increased salivary flow due to cevimeline treatment results in improved patient reported quality of life using the UW-QOL-HN

To evaluate which subscales of the OHIP-49 are improved most by increased salivary flow due to cevimeline treatment

To evaluate which subscales of the UW-QOL-HN are improved most by increased salivary flow due to cevimeline treatment

Detailed description: Treatment of advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCCA) requires aggressive therapy often combining surgical interventions with radiation therapy. Besides surveillance for persistent or recurrent cancer, clinicians seek to help minimize the side effects resulting from these aggressive treatments. Xerostomia, or "dry mouth", impacts each patient's long term health and quality of life due to the significant and diverse health consequences of having too little saliva. Normal swallowing, speaking, resistance to infection, and taste acuity are health domains that are affected by dry mouth. Psycho-social functioning decreases for many of these patients due to the extra effort to communicate and socialize (Locker D 2004). Xerostomia is often a consequence of radiation treatment (XRT), especially when the XRT fields encompass the parotid glands and submandibular glands bilaterally. The disability and consequences of xerostomia extend beyond dysphagia, poor appetite secondary to difficulty of mastication, and loss of taste (Chambers et al. Xerostomia 2004). Since saliva is essential to normal oral flora and healthy teeth, the lack of saliva in these patients can dramatically and rapidly result in a decline of the patient's oral health. Dental complications can occur and present significant ongoing medical and surgical problems. Our study proposes to use the Oral Health Impact Profile, OHIP-49, to measure disease-specific quality of life and functional outcomes due to radiation related xerostomia in head and neck cancer patients. The evaluation of patient QOL concomitantly with patient functioning as proposed in the SMILE protocol is an "evidence study to evaluate treatment effectiveness". The use of patient-oriented outcome measures are increasingly important to health insurers and government, but these measures are also aligned with the World Health Organization's mandate that health is a resource to manage which must be utilized and preserved so that individuals experience and gain satisfaction from living (Epstein J. 1986). The OHIP-49 is patient reported outcome measure which is publicly available, validated in adult populations world-wide, and can be used an effectiveness measure. The questions are easy to answer and are based upon a 5 level likert type scale reflecting frequency of "bother" within individual psychosocial domains.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Subject is at least 18 years old and able to give written informed consent

- Subject has received external beam radiotherapy > 4000 cGy for SCCA of the head

and/or neck

- Radiation therapy was completed at least 16 weeks (4 months) prior to enrollment into

the study but not greater than 52 weeks (12 months)

- Radiation included at least three of four of the major salivary glands (submandibular

and parotid glands) in the initial field (boost fields may or may not include the parotid gland)

- Primary therapy was designed with curative intent. Surgery is permitted if the

remaining inclusion criteria are met

- Grade 1 or 2 xerostomia by CTC version 3. 0 criteria (Appendix D)

- Demonstratable salivary flow as assessed by the clinician after administration of a

potent sialogogue such as lemon juice (1 teaspoon)

- Subject has at least one anatomically intact parotid gland and one submandibular


- ECOG performance status of 0, 1, or 2

- An EKG obtained has been performed in the past 6 months showing no arrhythmias or

contraindication to administration of a muscarinic agent AND there has been no interval change in cardiac health

- Subject is able to eat an oral diet to maintain adequate hydration and nutrition

- Subject has provided informed consent

- Subject is English speaking and of sufficient mental capacity to comply with the

study requirements

- Female subjects of child bearing potential have a negative serum pregnancy test and

agree to use an approved method of birth control Exclusion Criteria:

- Subject has a life expectancy less than 12 months.

- Subject is known or suspected to have persistent disease after curative intent

- Subject is greater than 12 months out from completion of radiation therapy

- Subject is pregnant or nursing

- Subject had previous cancer of the head and/or neck and is being treated with a

second course of radiation therapy

- Subject has a history of an autoimmune disease with pretreatment xerostomia (i. e.

Sjogrens) or other underlying systemic illness known to cause xerostomia independent of prior radiation therapy exposure

- Subject has had resection of both parotid glands

- Subject has history of cardiomyopathy or untreated moderate to severe CAD

- Subject has known cardiac arrhythmias

- Subject has grade 3 xerostomia (CTC v. 3)or no demonstratable salivary flow after the

test dose by visual inspection

- Subject has history of significant renal or hepatic impairment

- Subject uses a gastrostomy tube for nutrition supplementation

- Subject is taking medications specified in Appendix C

- Subject is taking or has taken any investigational new drug within the last 30 days

or is planning to take such a drug during the course of this study

- Subject has a contraindication to administration of muscarinic medications.

- Subject has been treated previously with a muscarinic agent for xerostomia (i. e.,

Pilocarpine HCl)

Locations and Contacts

Colorado Springs, Colorado, United States

Carle Clinic Association, Urbana, Illinois 61801, United States

University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, United States

Commonwealth Ear, Nose and Throat, Louisville, Kentucky 40207, United States

Associated Otolaryngologist, Palmyra, Pennsylvania 17078, United States

University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, United States

Fauquier ENT Consultants, Warrenton, Virginia 20186, United States

Additional Information

Starting date: May 2007
Last updated: May 21, 2014

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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