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Immunoglobulin Dosage and Administration Form in CIDP and MMN

Information source: Rigshospitalet, Denmark
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy; Multifocal Motor Neuropathy; Hemolytic Anemia

Intervention: Immunoglobulins (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: Rigshospitalet, Denmark

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Johannes Jakobsen, DMSc, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Neuroscience Center, Rigshospitalet


The aim of this study is to evaluate development of hemolysis and the variation in isokinetic muscle strength in two groups of patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) or multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) 1. Patients shifted from 3- or 6-weekly treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) to weekly treatment with subcutanoeus immunoglobulin (SCIG) 2. Patients shifted from SCIG treatment with Subcuvia® or Hizentra® to Gammanorm®. Hypotheses

- During treatment with IVIG blood hemoglobin will fluctuate with a decline due to

infusion, whereas it will remain stable during SCIG treatment without fluctuation

- Isokinetic muscle strength in affected muscle groups is more stable during treatment

with SCIG than with IVIG

- Blood hemoglobin and changes in muscle strength is comparable during Subcuvia® or

Hizentra® and Gammanorm® treatment

Clinical Details

Official title: The Influence of Immunoglobulin Dosage and Administration on Development of Hemolytic Anemia and Variation on Muscle Strength in Patients With CIDP and MMN

Study design: Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Primary outcome: Variation in blood hemoglobin during treatment with IVIG and SCIG

Secondary outcome:

Variation in muscle strength during treatment with two preparations of SCIG

Variation in muscle strength during treatment with IVIG and SCIG

Variation in blood hemoglobin during treatment with two preparations of SCIG

Detailed description: Due to planned switch of treatment with immunoglobulin at Department of neurology (Rigshospitalet) patients treated with IVIG will be shifted to treatment with SCIG with an unaltered dosage. The medication is administered at home two or three times weekly. IVIG is often administered every 3 to 6 weeks. All patients will be trained in managing the treatment with SCIG by a nurse from the neurological department. When the patient is able to manage the treatment regimen it can be done at home. All patients will be evaluated eight times during the study period. Four times before and four times after shift of treatment. Prior to participation the intervals will be standardized to 3 or 6 weeks giving an extra infusion for those with an interval of 3 weeks, i. e. patients on 4-week interval will be switched to 3-week interval while patients on 5-week interval will be switched to 6-week interval. The dose will be adjusted leading to an unchanged weekly dose of IVIG. All patients will be evaluated in connection to two IVIG infusions. For those receiving 3 infusions examinations will be executed before and 2 weeks after the first and last infusion. SCIG is initiated 2 weeks after the last IVIG infusion. Patients on maintenance therapy with Subcuvia® or Hizentra® will be shifted to treatment with Gammanorm® according to guidelines from the Danish Healthcare Society, the weekly dose of immunoglobulin being unaltered. They will be evaluated 3 times (once before, at the time of shift of SCIG and once after). All evaluations at each time point in both groups consist of measurement of isokinetic muscle strength of four affected muscle groups and blood sampling detecting blood hemoglobin and hemolytic parameters.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 80 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Diagnosed with CIDP or MMN fulfilling the EFNS/PNS criteria

- Maintenance treatment with IVIG or SCIG for at least 3 months

- Negative result on a pregnancy test (HCG-based assay in urine) for women of

childbearing potential and use of a reliable method of contraception for the duration of the study Exclusion Criteria:

- Pure sensory or severe ataxic CIDP

- Other cause of neuropathy (incl. pressure neuropathy)

- Known history of adverse reactions to IgA in other products

- Exposure to blood or any blood product or plasma derivatives, other than Privigen,

within the past 3 months prior to first infusion of Gammanorm

- Ongoing history of hypersensitivity or persistent reactions to blood or plasma

derived products.

- Requirement of any routine premedication for IgG administration

- History of malignancies of lymphoid cells and immunodeficiency with lymphoma

- Severe liver function impairment (ALAT 3 times above upper limit of normal)

- Known protein-losing enteropathies or proteinuria.

- Live viral vaccination (such as measles, rubella, mumps and varicella) within the

last 2 months prior to first infusion of Gammanorm

- Treatment with any investigational medicinal product within 3 months prior to first

infusion of Gammanorm

- Medication interfering with hematopoiesis

- Other immunomodulation therapy than low dose steroid (Prednisolone < 25 mg daily)

- Known or suspected to abuse alcohol, drugs, psychotropic agents or other chemicals

within the past 12 months prior to first infusion of Gammanorm

- Known or suspected HIV, HCV, or HBV infection

- Pregnant or nursing women

- Planned pregnancy during course of the study

Locations and Contacts

Department of Neurology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen 2100, Denmark
Additional Information

Starting date: January 2014
Last updated: May 4, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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