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Intravitreal Bevacizumab and Triamcinolone Associated to Laser Photocoagulation for Diabetic Macular Edema(IBeTA)

Information source: University of Sao Paulo
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Diabetic Macular Edema

Intervention: Laser photocoagulation (Procedure); Intravitreal triamcinolone (Drug); Intravitreal bevacizumab (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of Sao Paulo

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Maria L Paccola, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: HC FMRP - USP
André M V Messias, PhD, Study Chair, Affiliation: HCFMRP - USP
Bianka Y N Y Katayama, MD, Study Director, Affiliation: HC FMRP - USP
Rodrigo Jorge, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: HC FMRP - USP
Rogério A Costa, PhD, Study Chair, Affiliation: HC FMRP - USP


Intravitreal triamcinolone has been effective for central macular thickness reduction and concomitant visual acuity improvement in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME). VEGF is a very effective inducer of permeability, being 50. 000 times more potent than histamine, and may exert its effect on retinal vascular permeability by altering tight-junctions proteins, such as occluding and VE-cadherin. Based on these principles, there is a rationale for anti-VEGF agents treatment of increased retinal capillary permeability conditions, such as diabetic macular edema. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of intravitreal bevacizumab and intravitreal triamcinolone associated to laser photocoagulation for diabetic macular edema.

Clinical Details

Official title: Intravitreal Bevacizumab and Intravitreal Triamcinolone Associated to Laser Photocoagulation for Diabetic Macular Edema(IBeTA)

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Best Corrected Visual acuity

Secondary outcome:

Macular Mapping Test

Multifocal Electroretinogram

Central Macular Thickness

Detailed description: Macular edema is a leading cause of decreased visual acuity in patients with diabetic retinopathy1,2. Laser photocoagulation is the standard of care treatment for diabetic macular edema, based on ETDRS and recent clinical trials findings3,4. However, because visual acuity improvement post-laser is observed infrequently, and because of the frequent recurrence or persistence of DME (refractory DME) after appropriate laser treatment, particularly in eyes presenting with angiographically diffuse macular edema5-9, there is a need for alternative treatments for the management of DME. In addition, for some patients with significant cataract, precise visualization of posterior pole structures may not be possible, so that pharmacological therapy with intravitreal agents may be preferable over laser treatment. Recent studies have shown promising results of pharmacological therapies for Diabetic macular edema. Triamcinolone has shown similar results when compared to ranibizumab and deferred focal/grid LASER in pseudophakic eyes (DRCRnet, prompt versus deferred). Ranibizumab associated with deferred LASER or as monotherapy has also shown promising results (RISE and RIDE). However, there are several concerns regarding long-term intravitreal injections therapies that include economic feasibility for the public health system, risk of endophthalmitis and patient acceptability. For these reasons, the present study decided to check associations between LASER and drug therapy, in an attempt to improve focal/grid laser outcomes with reduced number of intravitreal injections.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Clinically significant DME - by biomicroscopic evaluation with generalized breakdown

of the inner blood-retina barrier with diffuse fluorescein leakage involving the foveal center and most of the macular area on fluorescein angiography

- Snellen logarithm of minimum angle of 20/40 or worse

- Central macular thickness greater than 275 µm on optical coherence tomography (OCT)

Exclusion Criteria:

- Glycosylated hemoglobin rate above 10%

- History of glaucoma or ocular hypertension

- Systemic corticoid therapy

- History of thromboembolic event (including myocardial infarction or cerebral vascular


- Major surgery within the prior 6 months or planned within the next 28 days

- Uncontrolled hypertension

- Severe systemic disease

- Any condition affecting documentation or follow-up

Locations and Contacts

Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
Additional Information

Related publications:

Paccola L, Costa RA, Folgosa MS, Barbosa JC, Scott IU, Jorge R. Intravitreal triamcinolone versus bevacizumab for treatment of refractory diabetic macular oedema (IBEME study). Br J Ophthalmol. 2008 Jan;92(1):76-80. Epub 2007 Oct 26.

Bonini-Filho MA, Jorge R, Barbosa JC, Calucci D, Cardillo JA, Costa RA. Intravitreal injection versus sub-Tenon's infusion of triamcinolone acetonide for refractory diabetic macular edema: a randomized clinical trial. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Oct;46(10):3845-9.

Photocoagulation for diabetic macular edema. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study report number 1. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study research group. Arch Ophthalmol. 1985 Dec;103(12):1796-806.

Garner A. Pathology of diabetic retinopathy. Br Med Bull. 1970 May;26(2):137-42. Review.

Early photocoagulation for diabetic retinopathy. ETDRS report number 9. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group. Ophthalmology. 1991 May;98(5 Suppl):766-85.

Jorge R, Costa RA, Calucci D, Cintra LP, Scott IU. Intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) for persistent new vessels in diabetic retinopathy (IBEPE study). Retina. 2006 Nov-Dec;26(9):1006-13.

Jonas JB, Kreissig I, Söfker A, Degenring RF. Intravitreal injection of triamcinolone for diffuse diabetic macular edema. Arch Ophthalmol. 2003 Jan;121(1):57-61.

Lee CM, Olk RJ. Modified grid laser photocoagulation for diffuse diabetic macular edema. Long-term visual results. Ophthalmology. 1991 Oct;98(10):1594-602.

Kang SW, Sa HS, Cho HY, Kim JI. Macular grid photocoagulation after intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide for diffuse diabetic macular edema. Arch Ophthalmol. 2006 May;124(5):653-8.

Karacorlu M, Ozdemir H, Senturk F, Arf Karacorlu S, Uysal O. Macular function by multifocal electroretinogram in diabetic macular edema after intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide injection. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2008 Jul-Aug;18(4):601-8.

Martidis A, Duker JS, Greenberg PB, Rogers AH, Puliafito CA, Reichel E, Baumal C. Intravitreal triamcinolone for refractory diabetic macular edema. Ophthalmology. 2002 May;109(5):920-7.

Kook D, Wolf A, Kreutzer T, Neubauer A, Strauss R, Ulbig M, Kampik A, Haritoglou C. Long-term effect of intravitreal bevacizumab (avastin) in patients with chronic diffuse diabetic macular edema. Retina. 2008 Oct;28(8):1053-60. doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e318176de48.

Larsson J, Zhu M, Sutter F, Gillies MC. Relation between reduction of foveal thickness and visual acuity in diabetic macular edema treated with intravitreal triamcinolone. Am J Ophthalmol. 2005 May;139(5):802-6.

Soheilian M, Ramezani A, Bijanzadeh B, Yaseri M, Ahmadieh H, Dehghan MH, Azarmina M, Moradian S, Tabatabaei H, Peyman GA. Intravitreal bevacizumab (avastin) injection alone or combined with triamcinolone versus macular photocoagulation as primary treatment of diabetic macular edema. Retina. 2007 Nov-Dec;27(9):1187-95.

Vujosevic S, Pilotto E, Bottega E, Benetti E, Cavarzeran F, Midena E. Retinal fixation impairment in diabetic macular edema. Retina. 2008 Nov-Dec;28(10):1443-50. doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e318183571e.

Starting date: October 2009
Last updated: February 28, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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