DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Sensitivity of Pharmacokinetics to Differences in Aerodynamic Particle Size Distribution

Information source: University of Florida
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Asthma

Intervention: Fluticasone Propionate Formulation 1 (Drug); Fluticasone Propionate Formulation 2 (Drug); Fluticasone Propionate Formulation 3 (Drug); Fluticasone Propionate Formulation 3* (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: University of Florida

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Guenther Hochhaus, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Florida

Overall contact:
Guenther Hochhaus, PhD, Phone: 352-273-7861, Email: hochhaus@cop.ufl.edu


When a drug company first develops a drug, the company has to show the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that the drug is safe and effective. If FDA concludes that the drug is safe and effective, FDA approves the drug. The company can then sell the drug, which the company does using "trade name." Only the drug company that developed the "trade name" drug is allowed to sell it. However, other drug companies can create their own version of the "trade name" drug, which usually happens after the patents for the "trade name" product run out. These drugs, often called "generic drugs," potentially will be less expensive for the patient. In order to sell generic drugs, drug companies must show that their generic version is the same as the "trade name" drug in a number of ways. For example, they generally have to show that their product is intended to be used to treat the same diseases or conditions, that it has the same label, and that the product has the same active ingredient as the "trade name" drug. The generic company also has to show that generic product is "bioequivalent" to the trade name drug, meaning that the generic product gets to the part of the body where the drug works at the same rate that the trade name drug does. How to show how much drug gets to the part of the body where it works, and how fast, depends on the type of product the drug is. The primary aim of this research study is to aid the FDA in finding methods to ensure that the versions of generic drugs that are inhaled (for example, drugs used to treat asthma) are bioequivalent to the trade name drug. As a part of the research study, pharmacokinetic (PK) studies (studies measuring drug levels in the blood over time after inhalation) will be done using three different versions of fluticasone propionate (FP, a drug routinely used in asthmatic patients) administered using a dry powder inhaler (DPI, an inhalation device that delivers the drug as a dry powder). The results from this study will help FDA ensure that generic products are the same as the trade name drugs.

Clinical Details

Official title: Evaluation of the Sensitivity of Pharmacokinetics to Differences in the Aerodynamic Particle Size Distribution of Three Different Formulations of Fluticasone Propionate Dry Powder Inhalers

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver)

Primary outcome: Area Under the Plasma Concentration versus time curve (AUC) for Drug Fluticasone Propionate

Secondary outcome: Peak plasma concentration for fluticasone propionate

Detailed description: Formulation Development The aim of the pharmaceutical development was to manufacture three Dry powder Inhalation (DPI) formulations containing Fluticasone Propionate in an Plastiape Monodose DPI device, which provide distinct in vitro deposition patterns on a Next Generation Impactor. NGI is a high performance cascade impactor used to characterize aerosol particles by particle size. It is desirable to develop three formulations with the same emitted dose (ED), impactor size mass (ISM) but different mass median aerodynamic diameter (MMAD). Meeting these design criteria for the formulations would help to see if pharmacokinetic parameters are sensitive to regional differences in drug deposition whilst having the dose deposited in the lung from different formulations being the same. The three formulation developed are labeled Fluticasone Propionate Drug formulation 1 through 3. Study Procedures and scheduling

The study is comprised of 5 visits in total - a screening visit and 4 treatment visits. At

least 5 days should lapse between the treatment visits. Screening Visit During the screening visit, the inclusion and exclusion criteria will be reviewed to ensure the volunteer is appropriate for the study. The informed consent will be reviewed with the volunteer by a member of the study team and the volunteer will be encouraged to ask questions to ensure the volunteer has a good understanding of the study. If the volunteer is eligible and agrees to participate, the volunteer will be asked to sign the informed consent form prior to any study specific procedures including randomization. After the volunteer signs the informed consent, the volunteer will be interviewed and demographic data, medical history and concomitant medications will be collected and recorded. A physical examination will be performed after the vital sign measurements are obtained. A pregnancy test for female volunteers will be obtained. Spirometry testing and inhalation training will be performed by a qualified study clinician/investigator to ensure the suitability of volunteers. Laboratory tests including a Complete Blood Count (CBC), urinalysis and metabolic panel will be collected via venipuncture and processed in the lab. Screening tests will be performed within 14 days of treatment visit 1 and no later than 2 days before treatment visit 1. All screening results will be evaluated by the study clinician/investigator against the inclusion/exclusion criteria to confirm the eligibility of the volunteers. Inhalation training: Inhalation training will be performed by a qualified study clinician at the screening visit and at each study visit. The training will be accomplished by instructions and subsequent inhalation via training devices containing empty capsules. The instructions on how to use the device correctly are similar to the Foradil Aerolizer DPI product information label. (http://www. rxlist. com/foradil-drug/medication-guide. htm ) Treatment Visits 1, 2, 3 and 4 Eligible volunteers will be asked to return for treatment visit 1. A minimum period of 5 days should lapse between the subsequent treatment visits. Each treatment visit is scheduled for 28 hours over two days. The study will be conducted at the University of Florida (UF) CRC (Clinical Research Center). It is an outpatient study and the volunteer will be asked to come back the following day for the 24 hour blood sample. The volunteer will be asked to stay in an outpatient room during the treatment visit. The same activities are carried out at the other treatment visits. At each treatment visit, eligibility criteria will be reviewed and confirmed to ensure volunteer is appropriate for study. Changes in medical history including concomitant medications will be documented. Vital signs will be obtained. Inhalation training will be provided to the volunteers as mentioned in the section above. An IV catheter will be inserted in a vein located in the forearm region of the volunteer. The IV catheter is used to avoid multiple pricks while collecting blood samples. The IV catheter is not used for the administration of the drug. The volunteer inhales 5 times from a given inhaler during each treatment visit. Each inhaler will be used only once and by only one volunteer to ensure the volunteer's safety from infectious agents. The schedule below summarizes the procedures performed at the screening visit and a single treatment visit. Blood sample collection Blood samples will be drawn by inserting an indwelling catheter into the volunteer's median cubital vein in the forearm region. Blood samples will be taken 15 minutes prior to the dosing of the product (pre-dose sample) and 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 45, 60 minutes, 1. 5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 and 24 hours post dosing. At each time point 9ml of blood sample will be collected of which the first 1ml will be discarded and the remaining 8 ml will be stored in a vacutainer tube for plasma preparation and storage.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 50 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Healthy male or female subjects aged 18 to 50 years (inclusive).

- Females will be eligible only if they are currently non-lactating and demonstrate a

negative urine pregnancy test. Female subjects must be willing to use highly effective methods of contraception throughout the study. A highly effective method of birth control is defined as one which results in a low failure rate (i. e. less than 1% per year) when used consistently and correctly e. g. No sexual intercourse, an intrauterine device (IUD), using contraceptive foam AND a condom (double-barrier).

- Body weight ranging from 50 to 100 kg, corresponding to a BMI of 18-29 kg/m2.

- Non-smoker for at least 12 months prior to study screening and a maximum smoking

history of less than ten-pack years (i. e. the equivalent of one-pack per day for ten years).

- Healthy and free of significant abnormal findings as determined by medical history,

physical examination, vital signs, laboratory tests (including serum cortisol at screening), CBC, urinalysis and metabolic panel.

- Ability to read, comprehend and sign the consent form.

- Ability to comply with all study procedures, discontinue and/or withhold medications

as specified in the protocol and attends scheduled study visits.

- No history of respiratory disease.

- Normal baseline spirometry as predicted for age, sex and height, including (forced

expiratory volume at one second /Forced Vital Capacity) FEV1/FVC > 0. 8.

- Healthy and without any pre-existing medical conditions.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Any history of conditions that might interfere with drug absorption, distribution,

metabolism or excretion of FP.

- Known or suspected sensitivity to FP, or related compounds in that class.

- Hypersensitivity to milk proteins or lactose (inactive ingredients in the


- Having a history and/or currently having the medical condition and hence taking any

medication for the following (including but not limited to):

- Significant cardiac, dermatologic, gastrointestinal, hepatic, renal,

hematological, neurological and psychiatric disease (determined by physical exam, CBC, urinalysis, metabolic panel and medical history).

- Presence of glaucoma, cataracts, ocular herpes simplex or carcinoma (other than

basal cell).

- Presence of tuberculosis and other respiratory diseases (including but not

limited to intermittent or persistent asthma, emphysema and chronic bronchitis); or respiratory infection, common cold, sinusitis or ear infections.

- Current use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT), hormonal contraceptives and

corticosteroid treatment within the last 2 months.

- Smoker during the last 1 year prior to study screening. (Self- report)

- Evidence of a positive pregnancy urine test for female volunteers or females who are

pregnant or breast-feeding or are likely to become pregnant during the trial. Women of child-bearing potential may be included in the study if, in the opinion of the investigator, they are taking adequate contraceptive precautions as described above.

- Exposure to any investigational drug within 30 days of enrolment.

- Subjects who are unable to demonstrate proper inhalation of the test products.

- Exposure to any medication that alters CYP3A4 activity (e. g.: azole antifungals,


- Nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea within 7 days of dosing.

- Subjects who have donated 450mL blood or more within the previous 1 month.

- Any history or current drug or alcohol abuse, which would interfere with the

subject's completion of the study and with adherence to the protocol.

- The subject or their close family member is an employee of the study site or is

involved with the conduct of the study.

- Potential for carry-over effect as addressed by the pre-treatment plasma

concentration values measured immediately after the washout period.

- Lack of willingness to have personal study related data collected, archived and

transmitted according to the protocol.

Locations and Contacts

Guenther Hochhaus, PhD, Phone: 352-273-7861, Email: hochhaus@cop.ufl.edu

University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, United States; Recruiting
Guenther Hochhaus, PhD, Phone: 352-273-7861, Email: hochhaus@cop.ufl.edu
Mongjen Chen, PhD, Phone: 352-273-7858, Email: bryan0512@ufl.edu
Guenther Hochhaus, PhD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: August 2015
Last updated: August 20, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017