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The Effect of Ketamine on Attentiveness

Information source: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Schizophrenia

Intervention: Placebo (Drug); ketamine (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial, Study Director, Affiliation: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.


The objective of this study is to develop an exploratory design for future Proof-of-Concept trials which reliably and accurately measure the central nervous system (CNS) effects of potentially new drugs that oppose the effects of ketamine at a subanesthetic dose level given to healthy volunteers. A functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalogram (EEG) performed simultaneously during a ketamine challenge will register the effects triggered by Ketamine.

Clinical Details

Official title: Investigate the Effect of S-Ketamine, as Pharmacological Model of Schizophrenia, on the Attentiveness and Working Memory Simultaneously Measured With Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging(fMRI)/Electroencephalogram(EEG)

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome:

Cerebral activation of ketamine as determined by functional MRI

Cerebral activation of ketamine as determined by electroencephalogram (EEG) during an oddball-task

Secondary outcome:

Effect of Ketamine on consciousness as measured by the "Altered States of Consciousness Rating Scale"

Cerebral activation induced by ketamine as measured by simultaneous fMRI / EEG under resting conditions

Symptom score of ketamine as measured with the Positive And Negative Symptom Scale

Detailed description: This will be a double-blind (neither physician nor patient knows the name of the assigned drug), placebo-controlled, randomized (study drug assigned by chance), 2 way crossover ketamine challenge study (participants may receive different interventions sequentially during the trial) in 24 healthy male volunteers. For all participants, this study will consist of an eligibility screening examination, two 2-day treatment periods, separated by at least 1 week, and a follow-up examination about 7 days after last dose administration. The maximal study participation for each volunteer will be around 6 weeks. Apart from observing possible neural and vascular ketamine effects, the cerebral ketamine effects will be investigated by simultaneously performing fMRI/EEG during ketamine administration. These investigations will be done while volunteers rest as well as during cognitive testing (visual oddball task). Safety evaluations include continuous monitoring of vital signs and oxygen saturation. Due to the pharmacokinetic properties of ketamine the assessments will start after an intravenous ketamine bolus (drug given directly into the vein over a short period of time) followed by a 1 minute break. During the assessments there is a continuous intravenous (minimal) drug administration. Before the assessments start there will be an intravenous bolus of 0. 1 mg/kg ketamine in 5 minutes time followed by a 1 minute break after which a continuous infusion will start of 0. 015625 mg/kg/min ketamine. Since the plasma level elevates during the infusion the administered dose will be lowered by 10% every 10 minutes.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 35 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Normal ECG and safety assessments, or minor no-relevant deviations, at screening

- Vital signs: systolic between 100 and 140 mmHg and diastolic between 50 and 90 mmHg

and heart rate between 45 and 90 beats/min

- No medication intake in the last four weeks

- Volunteers must have signed an informed consent document indicating that they

understand the purpose of and procedures required for the study and are willing to participate in the study and to adhere to the prohibitions and restrictions specified in the protocol

- Negative drug screen

Exclusion Criteria:

- Participation in another clinical trial in the last 3 months

- Significant allergies, allergic diathesis or known hypersensitivity for ketamine or

its ingredients (ie, Benzethonium chloride)

- History of or current significant respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease,

endocrinological, gastrointestinal, neurological, glaucoma and known liver and kidney failure

- Contraindications for an MRI being performed (claustrophobia, metal parts, pacemaker)

- oxygen saturation pO2 < 90 mmHg

- Clinically significant abnormalities in ECG or laboratory values

- Recent history (within previous 6 months) of alcohol or drug abuse

- History of or current psychiatric diagnoses (DSM-IV, II) or neurological disorders

- Relatives in first or second degree with a schizophrenic disorder

- Serology positive for hepatitis B surface antigen, hepatitis C antibodies or HIV


- Signs of hyperthyroidism based on the determination of T3, T4 and TSH

Locations and Contacts

Additional Information

Starting date: October 2009
Last updated: August 5, 2010

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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