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Women With Chest Pain and Normal Coronary Arteries Study

Information source: Northwestern University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Chest Pain

Intervention: Aspirin (Drug); Lisinopril (Drug); Simvastatin (Drug); Lovaza (Drug); Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (Behavioral)

Phase: N/A

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: Anna Huskin

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Martha Gulati, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Northwestern University


The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of standard medical therapy versus usual care in women with chest pain, coronary endothelial dysfunction and unblocked coronary arteries. Coronary endothelial dysfunction (CED) is a condition in which the layers of cells around the heart do not function properly and is believed to be key factor in the development of atherosclerosis (fat deposits in arteries). In addition, CED is associated with an increased risk for future cardiovascular events, such as heart attack and stroke. A coronary angiogram allows physicians to see if any of the arteries in the heart are blocked, usually by fatty plaque. In many instances, angiograms in women experiencing chest pain do not show evidence of coronary disease (free of significant plaque build-up). Currently, there is no standard of care treatment plan for patients with normal coronary arteries, despite symptoms of chest pain, and as a result these patients may not receive medical treatment. However, these women often return to their physicians more than once with chest pain and go through a similar battery of tests.

Clinical Details

Official title: Women With Chest Pain and Normal Coronary Arteries Study: A Randomized Study of Medical Treatment and Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Primary outcome: Effectiveness of Therapy Compared to Usual Care, in Those Women With Chest Pain (CP), Reversible Ischemia by Stress Testing and Nonobstructive Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) by Angiography Who Are Found to Have Coronary Endothelial Dysfunction (CED).

Secondary outcome: The Role and Function of Endothelial Progenitor Cells (EPCs) in the Presence of Proven Endothelial Dysfunction and the Response of EPCs to Medical Therapy for Endothelial Dysfunction.

Detailed description: Endothelial function testing will be performed on women without significant coronary disease in order to help identify women who may be likely to develop coronary artery disease (CAD) and who would benefit from aggressive lifestyle (dietary counseling, exercise) or medical (treatment with aspirin and cholesterol and blood pressure lowering medications) interventions.


Minimum age: 30 Years. Maximum age: 90 Years. Gender(s): Female.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Female gender 2. Age 30 or greater 3. Present with symptoms suggestive of Angina (Typical or "Atypical") 4. Abnormal myocardial perfusion scan 5. Referred for angiography 6. Normal (0% stenosis) versus Nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) (<50% stenosis) 7. Evidence of endothelial dysfunction. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Coronary vasospasm known or documented in cardiac catheterization 2. Obstructive CAD (greater than 50% stenosis) known or documented in cardiac catheterization 3. Pregnancy 4. Established CAD, history of revascularization with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)/stent or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) 5. Contraindications to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 6. Cardiac catheterization for valvular disease 7. Cardiac catheterization for heart failure assessment/biopsy 8. Known congestive heart failure (CHF)/hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM)/dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) 9. Acute Renal Failure 10. Chronic renal failure (estimated glomerular filtration rare (eGFR) <30 ml/min/1. 73m^2) or on hemodialysis 11. Known single kidney 12. History of peptic ulcer disease, known gastrointestinal bleed, known contraindication to aspirin 13. Known contraindication to statin 14. Known contraindication to adenosine (asthma, high degree atrial ventricular (AV) block)

Locations and Contacts

Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: May 2008
Last updated: November 30, 2011

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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