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Natriuretic Effect of Telmisartan Versus Placebo in Patients With Mild-to-Moderate Hypertension

Information source: Boehringer Ingelheim
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Hypertension

Intervention: Telmisartan, low dose (Drug); Telmisartan, high dose (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Boehringer Ingelheim


Study to compare the natriuretic effect of telmisartan to placebo in mild-to-moderate hypertensive patients on a controlled sodium diet as well as to explore the effects of telmisartan on norepinephrine, plasma renin activity (PRA), plasma aldosterone, urine potassium, creatinin, chloride, bicarbonate and uric acid excretion. Additionally it was assessed whether the natriuretic effect disappears after treatment when telmisartan is stopped. The effects of telmisartan on seated clinic blood pressure and the relationship between urine sodium loss and decrease in ambulatory blood pressure after the first dose were assessed descriptively. Assessment of safety was also considered.

Clinical Details

Official title: Natriuretic Effect of Telmisartan Versus Placebo in Patients With Mild-to-Moderate Hypertension On a Controlled Sodium Diet (100 mmol/Day)

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Cumulative urinary sodium loss

Secondary outcome:

Cumulative urine sodium loss

Changes in body weight

Changes in plasma norepinephrine

Changes in renin activity

Changes in aldosterone

Changes in urine potassium

Changes in creatinine chloride

Changes in bicarbonate

Changes in uric acid

Cumulative urinary sodium gain during wash-out period

Changes in seated clinic blood pressure

Changes in 24 hour ambulatory Blood Pressure (ABPM) after the first dose of telmisartan

Number of patients with adverse events

Number of patients with abnormal findings in physical examination

Number of patients with abnormal findings in 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG)

Number of patients with abnormal changes in laboratory parameters


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Mild-to-moderate hypertension as defined by a morning mean diastolic blood pressure

from ≥ 90 and ≤ 115 mmHg and a mean systolic blood pressure ≤ 200 mmHg after five minutes in the seated position at the end of three weeks of placebo run-in treatment

- Male or female patients between 18 and 65 years of age, inclusive. Patients 60 to 65

years of age must have a screening 24-hour urine creatinine clearance rate of ≥ 1 mL/sec

- Ability to provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Pre-menopausal women (last menstruation ≤ one year to start of screening)

- Post-menopausal women (last menstruation > one year from start of screening or have

had a hysterectomy and oophorectomy)

- Who have < three months of stable estrogen replacement therapy at screening

- Who will be on progesterone therapy at any time during the trial

- Known or suspected secondary hypertension

- Hepatic and/or renal dysfunction as defined by the following laboratory parameters:

- ALT (alanine aminotransferase) or AST (aspartate aminotransferase) greater than

two times the upper limit of reference range

- Serum creatinine greater than 2. 3 mg/dL

- Bilateral renal artery stenosis; renal artery stenosis in a solitary kidney;

post-renal transplant

- NYHA (New York Heart Association) functional class CHF (chronic heart failure) III-IV

- Unstable angina, myocardial infarction or cardiac surgery within the preceding three


- Stroke within the preceding six months

- PTCA (percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty) within the preceding three


- History of angioedema

- Sustained ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, or other clinically relevant

cardiac arrhythmias as determined by the clinical Investigator

- Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, hemodynamically relevant

stenosis of aortic or mitral valve

- Administration of digoxin or other digitalis-type drugs

- Patients with insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

- History of drug or alcohol dependency

- Use of antihypertensive agents such as diuretics, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II

antagonists, α-blockers, β-blockers, calcium channel antagonists, direct vasodilators at any time during the trial

- Administration of other non-antihypertensive medications known to affect blood

pressure (e. g., oral corticosteroids, MAO (monoamine oxidase) inhibitors, nitrates) at any time during the trial

- Chronic administration of high doses of NSAIDS and aspirin (e. g., ibuprofen for

rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis in total daily dose in excess of 1600 mg, aspirin in excess of 2 Gm per day)

- Chronic use of salt substitutes containing potassium chloride; potassium supplements;

extreme dietary restrictions

- Clinically significant sodium depletion as defined by a serum sodium level less than

130 mEq/L

- Clinically significant hyperkalemia as defined by a serum potassium level greater

than 6. 0 mEq/L. Clinically significant hypokalemia as defined by a serum potassium level less than 3. 0 mEq/L

- Patients receiving any investigational therapy within one month of signing the

informed consent form. Note that patients who have participated in previous telmisartan studies may participate in this study provided there has been at least one month between discontinuing the previous study and signing the consent for the present study

- Known hypersensitivity to any component of telmisartan

- Any other clinical condition which, in the opinion of the principal Investigator,

would not allow safe completion of the protocol and safe administration of trial medication

Locations and Contacts

Additional Information

Starting date: February 1999
Last updated: July 7, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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